Lama pacos (Linnaeus, 1758), Peru.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Alpaga; German: Alpaka; Spanish: Alpaca.
Reaches Three ft (90 cm) excessive and weighs 154.Three lb (70 kg). Has a small head, quick ears with skinny factors, and a really lengthy neck. The total physique, besides the face and legs, is roofed by lengthy, thick, and mushy wool. The legs are quick and the hair can prolong on the pinnacle, forming a tuft that, in males, covers the eyes. It presents a uniform shade, typically darkish chocolate or nearly black.
Found within the Andes of Peru, Bolivia, and Chile at elevations ranging 9,840–15,750 ft (3,000–4,800 m). The largest populations are placed in Peru.
Humid locations of the Andean excessive plateaus or Altiplano generally known as bofedales, the place tender grass can develop.
Docile and gregarious, and present no social habits.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Female alpacas attain maturity when they're two years previous, whereas males accomplish that when they're three years of age. One male often copulates with 10 females, and the gestation interval lasts 342–345 days.
Because it's domesticated, it has not been labeled in any particular conservation standing. There are roughly 3.5 million alpacas all through its total geographic vary.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Since earlier than the arrival of the Incas, inhabitants of the High Andes have benefited from the alpaca’s high quality wool, conceal, meat, and dung, which is used as gas. During the Inca Empire, the species was bred particularly to make the most of its mushy fiber for high quality textiles, and there was a fantastic emphasis on the standard of the yarns, the fibers being rigorously chosen. Today, it's raised to present high quality wool that's commercialized on a big scale, particularly in Peru and Bolivia. Most of the Andean people favor alpaca meat to that of the llama. The dung is a vital supply of gas in areas the place there are not any bushes to provide wooden.