Before his function was usurped by Osiris, Anubis was the premier Egyptian funerary god who dominated over the useless. Known as He Who Is Upon His Mountain and Lord of the Sacred Land, Anubis protected elaborate cemeteries, preserved the our bodies of the useless, and guided souls to the afterlife.
Anubis is represented as a black canine with tall, pointed ears and a bushy tail or as a person with the pinnacle of such an animal. The coloration of Anubis’s fur has been interpreted as each the black pores and skin of a rotting corpse and the black mud of fertile farmland.
During the Old Kingdom (c. 2687–2191 B.C.E.), Anubis judged the destiny of the deceased, a task ultimately taken over by Osiris. In The Book of the Dead, a supply courting to c. 1600 B.C.E.,Anubis attended to the scales by which the hearts of the deceased had been weighed towards maat (fact), whereas Osiris pronounced judgment. During the mummiﬁcation course of, a priest often known as the grasp of secrets and techniques in all probability wore a masks and performed the a part of the canine god.
Anubis’s background varies significantly in numerous sources. According to the Greek writer Plutarch (c. 46–120 C.E.), Osiris mistook the goddess Nephthys for his spouse, Isis, and impregnated her. Their little one was Anubis. Isis raised Anubis, the product of this unintended affair, as her personal son. Other texts title the cat goddess, Bastet, or a cow goddess as his mom, and later texts determine his father as Osiris, Re, and even Seth.
A peculiar image of Anubis is the imiut fetish, which, in historic occasions, was identiﬁedwith an earlier god, Imi-ut. This object consists of the stuffed pores and skin of a beheaded animal tied by its tail to a pole, which rests in a pot.
The Greeks and Romans identiﬁed Anubis with the god Hermes Psychopompos and likewise knew him as Hermanubis.