The avocado is a pear-shaped fruit with pores and skin that may be thick or skinny, inexperienced or purplish black, and easy or bumpy, relying on the range. The flesh of the avocado is pale yellow-green and has the consistency of agency butter and a faint nut-like taste.
The two mostly bought forms of avocados within the United States are the Hass and Fuerte, each grown in California. The Guatemalan Hass avocado, the preferred selection, has a thick, pebble-textured and purplish pores and skin and normally weighs not more than 12 ounces. The Fuerte avocado, a Guatemalan-Mexican hybrid, has a extra pronounced pear form and is barely bigger than the Hass. It has a shiny, skinny, dark-green pores and skin with small, raised, pale spots. Florida-grown varieties, that are Mexican in origin and embrace the Booth, Waldin, and Lula, are bigger, less expensive, and extra perishable than California avocados. In addition, they comprise much less fats and fewer energy and lack the wealthy, creamy taste of the California varieties.
Distribution & botanical facts
The avocado, native to the tropics and subtropics of Central America, was first cultivated within the United States within the mid1800s in Florida and California. Ninety % of at present’s home crop of avocadosis grown in California. With a harvest of 168,000 tons, the United States is the second-largest grower of avocados on the planet, behind Mexico at 718,000 tons.
The avocado tree, a preferred shade tree in rural and suburban Hawaii, California, and Florida, is a dense evergreen which will attain a top of 80 toes.
Avocados don’t ripen on the tree; ripening is inhibited by hormones produced by the leaves. This delay in ripening is a business benefit as a result of the fruit could also be left unharvested for lengthy intervals (up to 7 months). However, overripe avocados could seed internally and change into moldy.
Avocados which are unblemished and heavy for his or her dimension are finest. Ripe avocados yield barely to finger strain, but when the finger leaves a dent, the avocado could also be overripe. Ripening might be hastened by enclosing the fruit in a paper bag and leaving at room temperature. Ripe avocados ought to be refrigerated and used inside 1 to 2 days. Because cooking destroys the flavour of avocados, it isn’t advisable. Fresh avocados might be sliced and added to cooked dishes simply earlier than serving. They might be diced and blended into salads, mashed to use in toppings or dips, puréed to use in chilly soups and desserts, or julienned to embrace in sushi rolls. When uncovered to air, avocado flesh discolours rapidly. Addition of lemon or lime juice to mashed or puréed avocados can delay discolouration. Placing an avocado pit in a bowl of mashed avocados won’t stop discolouration.
Avocados are identified for his or her excessive fats content material; nevertheless, most is monounsaturated fats. They are low in saturated fats and are sodiumand cholesterol-free. Avocados are an excellent supply of dietary fiber. They additionally comprise lutein, one of many carotenes that could be a phytochemical with antioxidant properties.