In Greek mythology, Bellerophon was a hero who tamed the winged horse Pegasus. He finally allowed delight to overcome him, which led to his downfall.
Bellerophon was the son of Eurynome, spouse of Glaucus. Though Glaucus didn’t realize it, Bellerophon’s father was Poseidon.
Frustrated in his attempts to turn out to be a hero, Bellerophon went to the seer Polyeidus, who advised him to sleep at an altar of Athena. Bellerophon did this, and dreamed that the goddess gave him a golden bridle. When he woke, he discovered himself holding the bridle. After making sacriﬁces to Athena and Poseidon, Bellerophon discovered the place the winged horse Pegasus grazed. Pegasus had by no means been ridden, however as soon as Bellerophon had bridled him, the younger man was ready to trip Pegasus with out an excessive amount of difﬁculty.
Later, Bellerophon by chance killed a person and went to King Proetus in order that he could possibly be puriﬁed. The king’s spouse, Stheneboea, tried to seduce Bellerophon. He refused her, and she or he, insulted, accused him of making an attempt to rape her.
King Proetus couldn’t hurt a houseguest, so he requested Bellerophon to ship a sealed message to King Iobates, Stheneboea’s father. The message contained Stheneboea’s declare towards Bellerophon.
This handed the Challenge on to King Iobates, who additionally couldn’t hurt a houseguest. So Iobates despatched Bellerophon off to kill a monster, the horrible Chimera. The Chimera was an odd creature—a mix of lion, goat, and serpent. The monster additionally may breathe ﬁre, and no hero had been ready to kill it. But with the assistance of Pegasus, Bellerophon was ready to get in shut and kill the Chimera.
Iobates then despatched Bellerophon to defeat the Solymi. Bellerophon succeeded. Next Iobates gathered troops and tried to ambush Bellerophon, however the hero killed these warriors, too. Iobates realized that the gods favored Bellerophon, and such favor may by no means have been given to a dishonorable man. He made peace with Bellerophon and gave him half his kingdom and the hand of his daughter Philonoe in marriage.
When Stheneboea discovered that Bellerophon had married her sister, she knew that her personal falsehood could be uncovered. She killed herself.
Bellerophon ought to have been content material, however as an alternative the glory of his personal deeds went to his head, and hubris, or deadly delight, overcame him. In his vanity Bellerophon determined to trip Pegasus up to Mount Olympus to go to the gods. The gods had been livid at this egotism, and Zeus, king of the gods, despatched a gadﬂy to sting Pegasus. The horse bucked in midair and threw Bellerophon.
Bellerophon survived the autumn however was left lame. Abandoned by the gods, he spent the remainder of his life alone.