TAXONOMY
Antilope pygargus (Pallas, 1767), Cape Province, South Africa. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Blesbok, bontebok, Damalisque à entrance blanc; German: Blessbok, Buntbok; Spanish: Blesbok.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Body size 4.6–5.Three ft (140–160 cm); shoulder peak 2.8–3.Three ft (85–100 cm); tail 12–18 in (30–45 cm); 121–220 lb (55–100 kg). Horns 14–20 in (35–50 cm). Dark brown coat, white stomach and inside legs. White face patch, ears.

DISTRIBUTION
D. p. phillipsi east-central South Africa; D. p. dorcas small space of southwestern Cape.

HABITAT
Grasslands of the highveld and coastal plains.

BEHAVIOR
Male bontebok maintain everlasting territories of 10–69 acres (4–28 ha). Blesbok males defend territories of 22–101 acres (9–41 ha) solely throughout the rut; within the dry season, each ####es and all ages could congregate in massive herds.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Predominantly grazers, though blesbok browse sometimes.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY
Rutting in March–May (blesbok) and January–March (bontebok). Polygynous. Gestation 238–254 days. Female stays with herd when giving start to younger in November–January (blesbok) and September–November (bontebok). Weaned after 4 months; ####ually mature at 2.5 years. Longevity 17 years.

CONSERVATION STATUS
The blesbok is Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent. Its distribution is essentially synthetic and it happens in protected herds on fenced reserves and farms. The bontebok is Vulnerable. It was hunted virtually to extinction within the nineteenth century, however was saved by safety from a couple of enlightened farmers. After the institution of the Bontebok National Park in 1931, numbers elevated and shares had been launched to different farms and reserves.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Both races had been previously hunted extensively.


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