TAXONOMY

Ovis nayaur (Hodgson, 1833), Tibetan frontier, Nepal.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Bharal; French: Bharal, bouc bleu; German: Blauschaf; Spanish: Baral.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and physique size is 47–55 in (120–140 cm); weight 132–165 lb (60–75 kg) in males, 77–121 lb (35–55 kg) in females. Horns of males are easy and curve up, out, then again. Females have brief, quite stout horns. Coat shade is grey to slate grey in winter, and a sandy tint in summer time. Males have a black line alongside the flanks, a black chest and throat. Both ####es have a black entrance floor to the legs with white knees.

DISTRIBUTION

The entire of the Tibetan Plateau and bordering ranges. Range extends from the Karakoram Mountains of northeastern Pakistan alongside the northern aspect of the Himalaya, penetrating to the southern aspect of the vary in a couple of locations, and northeastwards into Inner Mongolia.

HABITAT

Rugged mountains, remoted ridges, and damaged rocky terrain, with cliffs for escape. Recorded above 21,500 ft (6,500 m) within the Himalaya and Karakoram Mountains.

BEHAVIOR

Diurnal, with exercise peaks in early morning and late afternoon. Mixed herds are seen all 12 months and all-male teams are extra frequent in summer time.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Diet features a vary of grasses, sedges, herbs, and shrubs, and could also be supplemented in winter by twigs, mosses, and lichens.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous. Males struggle for females on the rut, rising on their hindlegs earlier than clashing heads. The rut takes place in December–January, and gestation lasts about 160 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Some populations are declining, others are secure. Regarded total as not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Traditionally hunted for meat by native peoples. Commercially hunted in elements of China and meat exported. Limited sport searching program established in Nepal.

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