TAXONOMY

Heterohyearax brucei (Gray, 1868), Ethiopia. Twenty-five subspecies have been described.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Bush dassie, yellow-spotted rock hyearax, yellow-spotted hyearax, klipdassie; French: Daman d’arbuste; German: Buschschliefer; Spanish: Daman de arbusto.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and physique size 12.5–18.5 in (32–47 cm); weight 2.9–5.Three lb (1.3–2.four kg). Males and females are roughly the identical dimension. Average distance between anus and penis is 3.1 in (eight cm). Coat is gentle grey to brown; ventral shade is white or creamy in distinct distinction to the edges, again, head, and rump. Eyebrows are strikingly white to creamy and conspicuous at a distance.

DISTRIBUTION

Found in components of northeast Africa and the Sinai; east to south, from Egypt to South Africa and Namibia to Congo. H. b. antineae would possibly happen remoted in Algeria and central Sahara.

HABITAT

Adapt to any shelter that gives enough safety from predators and the weather. Rock boulders and outcrops in several vegetation zones in Africa, generally in hole bushes.

BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and gregarious, the social unit being a polygynous harem, with a territorial grownup male, a number of grownup females, and juveniles.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Herbivorous, looking leaves, buds, twigs, and fruits all yearround.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Females grow to be receptive every year, and a peak in births appears to coincide with rainfall. Polygynous. Gestation: 212–240 days; one to three younger per feminine. Weaning at one to 5 months, and each ####es attain ####ual maturity at about 16–17 months of age. Longevity: 9–12 years. Adult females reside considerably longer than grownup males.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Certain African tribes hunt hyearax for food.


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