Asoka (early third century B.C.E.–c. 232 B.C.E.) was the third and final nice emperor of the Maurya dynasty in India. He is thought for propagating DHARMA (Sanskrit for “right order”) all through his realm.
Asoka distinguished himself early in his profession by conquering the Kalingas, a people dwelling in northeast India. The conquest of this people gave him sovereignty over nearly the complete Indian sub- continent and ushered in an period of peace.
Asoka inscribed a collection of edicts on pillars, rocks, and cave partitions all through his realm. A steady theme runs via all of them: dharma. The edicts outlawed the killing of most animals. They urged varied non secular teams and orders to stay collectively in peace. They additionally promulgated the virtues of dharma all through the realm.
Asoka is especially remembered as a patron of BUDDHISM and its order of monks. He is alleged to have referred to as a Buddhist council at his capital, Pataliputra, to settle disputed questions. He can also be stated to have despatched his son to Sri Lanka to promote BUDDHISM.
Most Indians revere Asoka as a perfect ruler. For that cause, the lions atop Asoka’s pillar at Sarnath in north-central India are a broadly used image. They seem, for instance, on Indian cash.
The Nizari Ismaili neighborhood is a bunch inside SHI’ITE ISLAM about which a lot imaginative lore has circulated. Europeans referred to as them “assassins.” Arabs referred to as them hashishiyah, that’s, “marijuana smokers.” Travelers similar to Marco Polo (c. 1254–1324) unfold rumors that the assassins have been incited to homicide by being drugged, taken to gardens, and thus given a foretaste of paradise. These rumors stay totally unsubstantiated.
The Nizaris broke away from the Fatimid Ismaili neighborhood of Egypt within the late 1000s. As so usually in Shi’ite Islam, the dispute involved who must be the subsequent IMAM. They established a state in components of Syearia and Iran, which continued in existence till the 1250s. The rumors about them actually derive from army and guerrilla actions taken in defending and lengthening this state.
The Nizari Ismaili neighborhood nonetheless exists, however the identify “assassins” will not be related to it. In the early 1800s, the neighborhood’s imam obtained the title of AGA KHAN.