Scientific identify: Aptenodytes forsteri 
Scientific classification:
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae

What does it appear like?
This is the tallest and the heaviest of the penguins. Adults may be up to 115 cm tall and weigh wherever between 22 and 37 kg. Its stature is complemented by its wonderful deep black and shimmering white plumage accented by a golden patch of feathers on both aspect of its neck. The wings are decreased to flippers. The legs are very quick and placed on the very again of the animal so it could stand and stroll upright.

Where does it reside?
The emperor penguin is restricted to the chilly waters of the Antarctic. They are not often discovered north of 65 levels south and solely go away the water for vital lengths of time to breed once they take up residence on the pack ice of the continental shelf or islands in waters of the far south.

Characteristics

The Emperor penguin is a grasp of survival. Annually, it spends massive tracts of time in one of the crucial inhospitable locations on earth and on the most disagreeable time of year. The place is Antarctica and the time is winter. The story begins in March or April when the males go away their true house, the ocean, to start a protracted, gradual stroll inland. Their progress is impeded by the very fact they don’t actually have the legs for it. With a mixture of awkward waddling or sledging, the place they lie on their stomach and kick themselves alongside, they finally attain their rookeries. They could have shuffled and slid up to 120 km. The males are quickly joined by the females who began their migration a bit later. When the females attain the rookeries the males start posturing and calling to appeal to a mate and if profitable they kind a monogamous relationship for the breeding season. Soon after they've cast their bond they mate and in May or early June (on the top of the southern winter) a single massive egg tipping the scales at round 450 g is laid by the feminine. For the time being the feminine’s work is completed and she fastidiously passes the egg to the male who balances it on his toes and drapes it with a big roll of pores and skin. The feminine makes the arduous journey again to the ocean to refill on food and for the following 64 days the male broods the single, massive egg. During this time he doesn't eat, however sustains himself all through the bitterly chilly winter on deposits of fats laid down when he was feeding out at sea. For a lot of the incubatory interval the male sleeps as a manner of conserving vitality and all of the males within the rookery, deserted by their mates, huddle collectively for heat forming a good, milling throng the place each male has a go within the comparatively heat center. They really want to huddle. The climate is numbingly chilly and the wind can attain speeds of 200 km/h. After roughly two months, the feminine returns from the ocean and relieves the male of his egg-sitting duties. Unerringly, the feminine can find her mate within the throng by his name, in a cacophony of a whole lot or hundreds of calling males. With the utmost care he passes the egg to the feminine and heads to sea. Not a morsel has handed his lips in over 110 days. Several extra weeks elapse and the male returns, his stomach full, to his mate and child. The feminine has been feeding the chick, now hatched from its egg, on regurgitated food and the male can now do the identical. The chicks have to develop quickly and earlier than lengthy they've moved off their mother or father’s toes and kind crèches on the ice with different downy kids. The mother and father make common journeys to the ocean to acquire food for his or her chick, finding their off spring on their returns by its calls. By the time they're 150 days outdated the chicks may have virtually misplaced their downy protecting and many may have been deserted, left alone to discover their manner to the ocean the place they may take to the waves, solely returning to land 5 years therefore, to breed themselves.

Key Facts

  • The penguins are a bunch of 17 species of hen, that are beautifully tailored to an aquatic lifestyle. On land they're very ungainly creatures however they glide by way of the water with swish ease, slicing by way of this dense medium, propelling themselves with their stubby, paddle-like wings. Their plumage additionally retains a layer of air, performing as buoyancy help. Fossils present that the modifications to the usual hen kind and lifestyle, very evident within the penguins, are very outdated—at the very least 40 million years and probably as a lot as 65 million years.
  • All penguins are discovered within the southern hemisphere. Not many species of penguin are literally discovered as far south because the emperor and the Galapagos penguin lives on the equator year-spherical—however within the comparatively chilly, wealthy waters of the Antarctic Humboldt Current. The penguins of chilly environments have dense plumage and thick blubber to assist them survive the tough situations of these very southerly situations.
  • The hen cousins of the penguins, the auks, exploit comparable niches within the northern hemisphere. The largest species of auk, the nice auk, was round 75 cm tall. The final pair was killed in 1844 in Iceland. Auks resemble penguins bodily and in colour patterns. Their resemblance is a superb instance of convergent evolution.
  • Not solely is the emperor penguin a hardy hen, additionally it is an animal able to prodigious diving feats, reaching depths far out of the attain of different birds. The food plan of these penguins consists of crustaceans, fish and cephalopods and throughout their searching missions they will dive to depths of 560 m and maintain their breath for 20 minutes.
  • Penguins of chilly environments have a posh circulatory system of their appendages to keep away from the ravages of frostbite and hypothermia. Blood coming back from a foot in touch with the chilly ice is warmed up by the descending blood in a warmth-alternate-kind system. This ensures the animal’s core temperature is just not lowered by the frosty situations.
  • There are thought to be roughly 200,000 breeding pairs of emperor penguin alive in the present day. These could appear to be a number of animals, however they're severely in danger from the results of local weather change.