The underworld god Erra was a violent deity related to warfare, anarchy, and plague in Babylonian literature. His actions are identified primarily from a fantasy referred to as Erra and Ishum, preserved in copies produced within the ﬁrst millennium B.C.E. The fantasy, written on 4 tablets, is worried with the sources of violence.
Erra and Ishum
The fantasy begins with the introduction of Ishum, a minor deity of the Mesopotamian pantheon who dwelled within the underworld, and Erra, a warrior of the gods. Both have been stressed and itching to do battle.
The demons referred to because the Seven have been offered to Erra by the god Anu and have been to be used to crush the noise of people once they threatened the steadiness between mortals and their gods. According to some interpretations, the noise refers to humankind’s bent for violence and strife, habits that threatens the world order.
The Seven complained that they have been stressed. In response, Erra steered to Ishum that they start a marketing campaign to destroy the people. Ishum objected, however Erra insisted that the blackheaded people, which means the Mesopotamians, wouldn’t pay attention to the god Marduk’s instructions and deserved to be punished.
Erra and Marduk
Erra went to Marduk, the king of the gods, ostensibly searching for recommendation. Erra’s actual intention was to depose Marduk and rule in his place. Marduk was away from his palace as a result of his statue had been broken and was in want of restore. With the absence of the god from his abode, the lesser gods grew to become terriﬁed.
While repairs to the statue have been being made, Erra stationed himself as guardian of the temple and schemed to usurp Marduk’s powers. When Marduk returned, Erra’s assist as a guardian was not required.
Erra unleashed a barrage of rage and hatred, praising his personal capability to create terror. He launched the Seven to start his violent marketing campaign.
Erra’s Contempt for Humanity
Ishum tried to calm Erra, asking why he was so decided to assault each gods and people. Erra, replied, stuffed with contempt, that people have been silly and that when Marduk had left his dwelling, kings and princes have been negligent of their duties to the gods. The bond between the people and the deities was thus damaged.
Ishum then described intimately the havoc, plunder, atrocities, and destruction that have been occurring on Earth. All of humankind was struggling: the robust and the weak, the younger and the outdated, the monks, the rulers, and the righteous in addition to the unrighteous.
Satisﬁed that his energy was acknowledged, Erra decreed that the enemies of Babylon ought to ﬁght each other. Afterward, solely Babylon would stay to rule. Erra instructed Ishum to do as he wished with the Seven. Ishum set out for the mountain lands of the Sutaeans, the archenemies of Babylon. With the Seven earlier than him, Ishum devastated Babylon’s enemies. He destroyed their cities, obliterated their wildlife, and returned the people to clay.
At final, Erra was calmed. He addressed the gods, saying that he had erred in his anger and had slain with out distinction between good and evil. He apologized for his frenzy and lack of motive and praised Ishum for his restraint. Erra then instructed Ishum to start the work of restoring the fertility of the land and sea and, utilizing the booty from the Sutaeans, to rebuild its temples.
The poem ends with reward to the warrior Ishum.