The Egyptian god Seth (Set/Sutekh) embodied the forces of chaos. He appeared within the earliest texts as an enemy (and occasional ally) of the falcon god, Horus, who was his brother and rival for the crown.

Seth often was represented as an odd animal with tall, flat-topped ears and a protracted, curving snout, or a person with the top of this beast. The animal has by no means been identified and should have been completely imaginary. Seth additionally was related to quite a lot of animals, significantly pigs and donkeys.

In the course of Seth’s battle along with his brother for the crown, he wounded Horus’s eye and Horus wounded Seth’s testicles. The earth
god, Geb, divided Egypt equally between them however modified his thoughts, revoking Seth’s portion.

Seth was generally referred to because the son of Nut, the sky goddess. Texts assigned numerous spouses to Seth, often his sister, Nephthys, or the hippopotamus goddess of being pregnant and childbirth, Theouris. Although he was a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis (a bunch of 9 gods), he was the separated, unsocial god, known as the “enemy of boundaries.” He violated the accepted limits of intercourse by raping Horus.

Seth’s existence, nonetheless horrible, was important to the Egyptian view of a balanced universe. He dominated the areas past the Nile Valley correct, principally the so-called pink lands (the desert) and international locations. The solar god, Re, put Seth’s aggressiveness to good use by using him to defeat the serpent Apep, who threatened the photo voltaic barque, or ship, every night time. Re gave Seth the facility of thunder.

Horus and Seth have been in the end reconciled, and there have been temples devoted to a composite Horus-Seth deity. Worship of Seth appears to have come to an finish at about 1100 B.C.E., when Egypt’s international empire dwindled. Particularly after the Assyearian occupation of Egypt within the sixth century B.C.E., he turned extra demon than god, a reviled figure in delusion and ritual. The Greeks knew Seth as Typhon.


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