OTHER NAMES

English: Gold-striped salamander; French: Chioglosse; German: Goldstreifen salamander; Spanish: Salamandra rabilarga.

TAXONOMY

Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864, Coimbra, Portugal.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The golden-striped salamander can develop to 6 in (16 cm) in size. It has an extended, slender physique and tail. The tail constitutes 67% of the overall size. Because of its form and speedy actions, this salamander resembles a lizard. It is darkish brown and has two golden-brown stripes on the again that merge to kind one stripe on the tail. On some salamanders, the stripes are damaged into traces of spots. The golden-striped salamander has an extended, slender head, giant eyes and an extended, sticky tongue for catching prey.

DISTRIBUTION

Northern Portugal and northwest Spain.

HABITAT

The golden-striped salamander inhabits moist, mountainous areas.

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal in its habits, the golden-striped salamander is energetic solely when it's damp and is thus confined to areas of heavy rainfall. It hibernates underground or in caves through the winter and estivates (is dormant) throughout dry summer season durations. If attacked, the golden-striped salamander can run rapidly. If caught, it usually drops its tail. The tail regrows however by no means reaches the earlier size. This salamander produces a milky, poisonous pores and skin secretion when attacked.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The golden-striped salamander makes use of an extended, protrusible tongue to feed on flies and different bugs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Terrestrial for many of its life, the golden-striped salamander breeds in water, laying clumps of as many as 20 eggs in summer season or autumn below rocks in springs and streams. Males develop swellings on the higher components of the forelimbs through the breeding season. The larvae stay in water over winter.

CONSERVATION STATUS

This uncommon species is listed as Vulnerable. It is threatened by habitat loss, land drainage, substitute of pure forest by plantations, and agricultural air pollution.