Harpy Eagle facts and data. Know Harpy Eagle weight loss program, habitat, behaviour taxonomy, and so forth See fascinating facts of Harpy Eagle in our animal facts archive.
Scientific identify: Harpia harpyja
What does it seem like? The common weight of a totally grown feminine harpy eagle is simply over eight kg, though captive specimens have been recognized to exceed 12 kg. Males are significantly smaller, averaging slightly below 5 kg. The wing span of a totally grown chicken is round 2 m. The plumage on their again is black in distinction to the white undersides. On the eagle’s head is an erectable crest of feathers.
Where does it reside? The harpy eagle is native to the neotropics. Its vary extends from southern Central America to Northern Argentina. Its habitat is pristine, lowland rain forest.
High above the shaded fl oor of a South American rain forest a darkish form glides silently over the cover. Such snatched glimpses of what’s, perversely, one of many world’s largest and strongest birds of prey usually are not uncommon. This formidable animal is likely one of the world’s least recognized eagles. The solely likelihood for scientists to research this chicken is after they likelihood upon a nest and can observe the comings and goings from this lofty platform. The nest of a harpy eagle is a big, however tough aff air within the higher reaches of one of many South American Forest’s tallest timber, the kapok or ceiba tree. On a thick mattress of sticks the feminine eagle normally deposits a single egg. Rarely, she could lay a second egg, however in these circumstances it’s uncared for when the primary egg hatches. Like many eagles, the harpy mates for all times and the male and feminine work collectively to rear the single, primarily helpless, down lined younger. The harpy eagle is an skilled carnivore and the forests through which it lives are wealthy in all types of arboreal animal life. Sloths make gradual progress across the cover, monkeys transfer by way of the branches in chattering troops, and numerous chicken species search the timber for fruit. All of these and extra are on the Harpy’s menu. Its favored prey is the sloth. Catching one in every of these sluggish creatures sounds simple, however they’re very nicely camouflaged and spend most of their time in amongst the thick cover the place not even the aerially achieved harpy eagle could make searching sorties. To catch such elusive prey the eagle sits on a perch commanding wonderful views of the encircling forest. It could sit and wait for a very long time, patiently watching and ready. Its eyes give it an amazingly sharp view of the forest, incomprehensible to us. The pupils are very giant, allowing huge quantities of sunshine to hit the delicate retina with out distortion. It can be believed, that in the identical method as owls, the eagle can pinpoint the supply of sounds thanks to the crest of feathers on its head. It raises these feathers each time it hears an uncommon sound. With its finely tuned senses the eagle sits tight, ready for a possibility. Sloths will usually enterprise out on a limb so as to bask within the tropical solar. It is then the eagle makes its transfer. It pitches ahead from its perch and extends it wings, that are shorter, however broader than different equally sized eagles. It slices by way of the air in direction of the painfully unaware quarry and because it will get inside putting distance brings its ferocious talons to bear. The claws of this eagle are about 13 cm lengthy, so long as a grizzly bear’s and are so large they give the impression of being barely misplaced. The talons seize the sloth in a vicelike grip, puncturing its main organs and killing it swiftly. All of this occurs midfl ight in an nearly fl uid motion. With its stout wings the harpy eagle is the heavy lifter of the chicken world and is ready to carry three-quarters of its personal physique weight again to the nest. Once again on the nest, the feminine takes time to take away some fur from the prey earlier than tearing off chunk measurement items of fl esh and feeding them to her ready younger. After six months of this tender care the younger is prepared to depart the nest, however its mother and father will proceed to feed it for one more 6–10 months. Although these eagles solely breed as soon as each 2–three years, the parental care they make investments ensures the following technology of these majestic birds can be nicely ready for the pains of life within the neotropical rain forests.