Hathor was one in every of many historical Egyptian fertility goddesses. Playing essential roles in childbirth and nursing, she was primarily a goddess of affection and music. Hathor appeared within the type of a cow, as a girl with a cow’s head, or as merely the horns surrounding a photo voltaic disk.
The identify Hathor means “House of Horus.” Hathor was the mom or spouse of Horus, the sky god, and was herself a sky deity, notably of the evening sky. She additionally embodied the attention of the solar god, Re. In this kind, she was not a joyful goddess of affection, however a rampaging, violent drive. She was generally referred to because the “mistress of drunkenness,” which signifies each joyful inebriation and a extra ecstatic and violent state.
The menat (a sure type of beaded necklace) and the sistrum (a sort of steel rattle) have been devoted to Hathor, and with these devices her rage was soothed. Her worshippers would have fun Hathor as “mistress of the dance, queen of happiness.”
Hathor additionally offered life to these within the netherworld. She was patron goddess of the necropolis at Thebes and both the mom of Re or his daughter. As the divine mom of the king, she suckled Re. In some variations of her story, she did this within the type of a girl; in others, she was a cow.
Hathor’s temples and shrines existed all through Egypt and its areas of inﬂuence. Some of the extra essential areas past Thebes have been Dendera, Kusae, and Meir. Hathor had shut ties with the Syearian metropolis of Byblos, and at mines within the Sinai, she was revered because the “mistress of turquoise.”
In the myths of Egypt there have been additionally characters referred to as hathors, usually seven in quantity, which have been the personiﬁcations of destiny. They appeared throughout childbirth and pronounced the future of the new child.
The Greeks referred to as her Athyear and identiﬁed her with their goddess Aphrodite.