OTHER NAMES

English: Bloodsucking conenose; Spanish: Vinchuca (Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay), Chinchorro (Ecuador), Churumbo (Peru), Chinche negra, Chinche gaucha; Portuguese: Barbeiro.

TAXONOMY

Reduvius infestans Klug, 1834, South America.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Flat when unfed and globose when totally fed. Grows to 0.83–1.18 in (21–30 mm) lengthy. Dark brown to nearly black, with yellow sq. spots alongside the stomach margins; legs considerably paler and wings darkish brown. Head lengthy and cylindrical. Compound eyes are massive and set nearer the bottom of the pinnacle; additionally a pair of outstanding easy eyes. Antennae and legs are lengthy and slender. S*xes comparable. Larvae seem like adults however are smaller, boring grayish brown, and wingless.

DISTRIBUTION

Most of tropical and temperate South America south of the equator, from northern Brazil and Ecuador by way of Patagonia (southern Argentina) up to an elevation of 13,123 ft (4,000 m); their distribution is linked to the motion of people with baggage.

HABITAT

Human dwellings and poultry yards. Forest populations apparently are uncommon. Even if straw roofs or crevices are smoked—a course of that repels most bugs—the bugs are nonetheless in a position to maintain their colony.

BEHAVIOR

Adults chirp by scraping the top of the beak towards a ventral, transversely furrowed sulcus on the breast, the vibration being transmitted through the legs to the substrate. They orient themselves to their prey by warmth and emission of carbon dioxide and to their shelters by the scent of their very own excreta. Sleeping people typically are reached by flying. Adults could dwell two years.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Nocturnal, feeding on hosts as they sleep. They could feed on home animals, equivalent to canines and poultry. One blood provide is required at every larval instar to attain maturity.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Mating happens in shelters. The whitish eggs drop to the bottom and alter to pink. There is one era per 12 months.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

An environment friendly transmitter of Chagas’ illness. People consider that having kissing bugs within the residence will carry good luck and happiness, a perception that interferes with sanitary management measures.

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