Lagos, though the smallest state in Nigeria is one of the most populous states in Nigeria (2nd after Kano state) and the most economical state of the federation. Little wonder it is referred to as “The centre of Excellence.”
Lagos is located in Latitude 6.350 N and Longitude 3.450 E but makes use of the same time zone with Maidugiri which is on Longitude 150E-GMT+1- to avoid different time zones in the same country. It was created in May 27, 1967 alongside with 11 other state by the virtue of state Decree Number 14 of the constitution then. Lagos Island played a dual function of the state’s capital as well as the seat of administration of the country Lagos Island became the administrative entity of the country on the 11th April 1968 till 1976 when the state’s capital was moved to Ikeja. The federal capital was later moved to Abuja on 12th December year 1991.
According to the official Nigeria Census population of Nigeria was slated at approximately 9 million individual s However, this figure was argue and rejected by the state government which based on their statistics were anticipating nothing less than 15.5 million. But this dispute was put to a half by the united Nation figure which claimed that Lagos can only meet the 15.5million assertion by 2015, and gave a figure of 9,013,534 people on Nigeria.
The state presently is under the democratic rule of Governor Babatunde Raji Fashola who was sworn-in 2007 after a fair election. “His rule has been a thorn on the flesh of the offenders and a bed of roses for law abiding citizens,” says Joseph Omosanya.
Lagos being a state in Nigeria has its official language as English but however as adopted Yoruba language as its second official language. It has been a state of every tribe of the federal but has more of the Yorubas, Ijebus and the Awori’s admit other. It has five local government which had divided into twenty distinctive Local government -Agege, Alimosho, Ifako-ijaye, Ikeja, kosofe, Mushin, Oshodi-Isolo,Shomolu,Apapa,Eti-osa, Lagos Mainland, Surulere, Ijeromi- Ifelodu, Amuwo-Odofin,Festac Town,Ojo,Badagry, Ikorodu,Ijebu-Lekki, Epe.
Lagos, due to its large population and small size has been congested.all the land that might have been put into Agricultural use, thereby producing food for the nation has either been put into industrial or commercial use.The population keeps increasing steadily as more people are emigrating into the state from the village of other states for amenities and from other countries for creation of west-Africa.
Most less privileged people who lacks the mental and physical skills have condemned Lagos and ran back to their state of origin. The education sector of the state has improved drastically with the creation of millennium schools in 2000 by the Tinubu’s Administration and more infrastructural development during the 2009/2010 academic calendar where Governor Fashola allocated free text books to public school students. Sarah Sosan -the deputy Governor and minister of education of the state has not relented a bit on improving the standard of the state’s education.
The state has twenty higher institutions, local airports and international airport which are the most recognized and active in the federation. We are left with no doubt that even Lagos is no more the capital of Nigeria; it still plays a very vital and useful role in the economy of the country. “Eko o ni baje o” as the people in the state say.