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Anglicanism In 21st Century; What We Learnt

Anglicanism is the type of CHRISTIANITY represented by the Church of England and church buildings in different elements of the world in “communion” or offi cial affiliation with it.

In the early 1530s King Henry VIII (1491–1547) of England needed to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536). The pope refused to grant him an annulment, so Henry and Parliament, within the Act of Supremacy of 1534, declared the English church to be unbiased of the PAPACY and the King to be the earthly head of the church, with the Archbishop of CANTERBURY remaining its ecclesiastical chief. Henry preserved Catholic teachings and practices. After Henry’s loss of life, robust forces favored the extra radical adjustments of the Protestant REFORMATION. Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I (1533–1603) mediated between Catholic traditionalism and Protestant reform. Under her the Church of England as we all know it took form.

Anglican church buildings see themselves as pursuing a center manner between ROMAN CATHOLICISM and PROTESTANTISM. Since Elizabeth’s time a number of actions have pressured one facet or the opposite of its wealthy heritage. In the 18th century the Church of England skilled revivals that emphasised conversion experiences. A pacesetter on this motion was John WESLEY (1703–91). He by no means really left the Church of England, however his followers established an unbiased METHODISM. In the 19th cen- tury the Oxford Movement sought to reaffi rm the Catholic id of the Anglican custom.

English colonization from the 17th by way of the 19th century helped unfold Anglicanism abroad. Originally Anglicanism was the established or official faith of the American colonies of Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. After the Revolutionary War, American Anglicans fashioned an unbiased Episcopal Church. This church was in communion with the Church of England however didn't pledge allegiance to the British throne. Since then different Anglican church buildings have arisen all through the world. They are referred to collectively because the Anglican Communion. The church buildings of this communion are unbiased however acknowledge the Archbishop of Canterbury as “fi rst among equals.” Their bishops meet roughly each 10 years, in what are referred to as Lambeth Conferences, after the title of the Archbishop of Canterbury’s headquarters in London.

Anglicans haven't defi ned themselves by an in depth set of beliefs, as some church buildings have. They do, nevertheless, usually respect a set of Thirty-Nine Articles adopted within the 1560s. According to these and different statements, Anglicans acknowledge the BIBLE as the final word authority in issues of religion. Unlike adherents of F UNDAMENTALISM, they've usually been open to fashionable strategies of biblical interpretation. They additionally acknowledge the Apostles’ Creed and Nicene CREEDS, they usually educate the views of the TRINITY and the INCARNATION developed within the historic church.

Anglicans have defined themselves far more by observe than by perception. In doing so, they've emphasised WORSHIP as central to the church’s work. The most vital doc of the church has all the time been the Book of Common Prayer. Renowned for its stunning language, it interprets into English revised variations of the worship companies used earlier than the Protestant Reformation. It has varieties for the administration of the standard seven SACRAMENTS, of which BAPTISM and the EUCHARIST are mentioned to be most vital.
Another distinctive mark of the Anglican church buildings is their emphasis on bishops. They have preserved the apostolic succession of bishops. That is, their line of bishops is claimed to prolong with out a break again to the APOSTLES. Besides bishops the Anglican church buildings have each clergymen and deacons. Since the 19th century they've additionally had their very own MONKS AND NUNS.

One query sparked a lot controversy within the late 20th century: Could girls be clergymen and bishops? The majority of Anglicans determined that they might. In the United States the fi rst girl priest was ordained within the 1970s and the fi rst girl bishop in 1989. In England the first girl priest was not ordained till 1994.

More lately, the questions of ordaining homo####uals and of blessing same-#### unions or performing marriages for such {couples} have divided the Anglican Communion and a number of other church buildings inside it. At the 1998 Lambeth Conference, difference of opinion on the position of girls and homo####uality, and on liberal versus conservative doctrinal and ethical questions usually, have been evident between Anglican church buildings in Western and growing international locations. Churches in Britain, North America, Australia, and New Zealand tended to be liberal on such issues, although there have been signifi cant conservative factions inside them. Churches in Asia, Africa, and Latin America tended, like their societies, usually to be tradi- tional of their values relating to gender and household. The latter church buildings have been largely based by mis- sionary outreach from the older church buildings within the 19th century, however they're now rising much more quickly than the dad or mum church buildings beneath their very own indigenous leaders.

At the convention, exchanges on gender and ####uality have been generally heated, and resolutions favoring the extra liberal attitudes typically failed.
Since 1998, the division has change into extra pronounced. After the consecration of an brazenly gay priest, the Reverend V. Gene Robinson, as bishop of New Hampshire within the United States in 2003, discuss started of a potential cut up within the Anglican Communion.

However, the Anglican Communion has his- torically discovered methods to embrace quite a lot of factors of view and types of observe. Its 21st-century state of affairs is significant for a number of causes, above all as a result of the Anglican Communion, greater than most denominations, now consists of as equal companions sizable nationwide church buildings in various elements of the world.

It can function a type of laboratory illustrating the tensions and prospects in what has been referred to as the “New Christendom.” More and extra within the 21st century, the demographics of the Christian faith are altering, in order that its actual middle of vitality and numerical power shouldn't be in Europe and North America however as a substitute in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

Clashes are certain to happen due to the totally different values and cultural background of the older versus the youthful however maturing wings of the faith. The check for Anglicanism, because it experiences these conflicts, might be to present whether or not frequent bonds might be discovered which can be stronger than the variations.