Arawn is the king of Annwfn, the pre-Christian Welsh otherworld.
In the ﬁrst department, or guide, of the Mabinogion, a medieval assortment of Welsh myths and folklore, Arawn encountered the mortal King Pwyll of Gwenydd as they had been each searching. Arawn remodeled himself right into a likeness of Pwyll and adjusted Pwyll into Arawn’s likeness. They traded kingdoms for a 12 months in order that Pwyll might defeat Arawn’s enemy, Hafgan. No rationalization is given as to why a mortal man was the one one in a position to defeat Hafgan.
Pwyll defeated Hafgan, slaying him with a single blow. And though Arawn’s spouse was stunning, Pwyll courteously remained chaste whereas in Arawn’s kind. Arawn, too, refused to benefit from Pwyll’s spouse. Returned to their rightful types and kingdoms, the 2 fashioned a bond of friendship so sturdy that Pwyll turned often called Pwyll Pen Annwfn, or Pwyll, head of Annwfn.
Arawn additionally seems in the fourth department of the Mabinogion because the giver of Annwfn pigsto Pryderi, son of Pwyll. Arawn additionally possessed a magic cauldron, adorned with pearls, heated by the breath of 9 maidens, and unable to cook dinner the food of a coward. This cauldron is described in “Preiddiau Annwfn” (“The Spoils of Annwfn”), a brief Welsh poem of unsure date, as one of many treasures of Britain that King Arthur tried to steal.
“Cad Goddeu” (“The Battle of the Trees”), an obscure early poem contained in the thirteenth-century Book of Taliesin,refers to a battle between Arawn and Amaethon, a plowman. This battle started when Amaethon stole a white roebuck, a whelp, and a lapwing from Arawn.
Arawn’s realm has generally been seen as an underworld, not an otherworld, however there isno proof linking him to any demonic iconography.