Home Life Trends Dobrynya NikitichEpic in Russian Folklore

Dobrynya NikitichEpic in Russian Folklore

In the Russian people ballad epics, referred to as bylini, Dobrynya Nikitich is among the most necessary of the bogatyeari, the knights of Prince Vladimir of Kiev. He is an epic hero—a mighty warrior who's second in would possibly and energy, after Ilya Muromets.

Dobrynya Nikitich was in all probability based mostly on areal prince, who was the uncle to the historic Prince Vladimir. As a member of the the Aristocracy, Dobrynya Nikitich was extra refined than the opposite bogatyeari. He was ready to learn, sing, and play chess, and he served as a diplomat in addition to a warrior. In one bylina, Dobrynya Nikitich went on a diplomatic mission for Prince Vladimir that was a battle with a Mongol tsar, Batur. He gained the battleand pressured Tsar Batur to pay tribute to Prince Vladimir.

Dobrynya Nikitich’s most well-known feat concerned the flying, fire-breathing dragon referred to as Zmei Gorynytch, who had been warned by an omen that Dobrynya Nikitich can be the one to kill him. On a heat day, the hero determined to cool off by bathing in a river. Zmei Gorynytch attacked Dobrynya Nikitich whereas he was separated from his sword. The hero fought the dragon, utilizing solely his naked arms and a sand-filled hat as weapons.

After an ideal wrestle, Dobrynya Nikitich gained. As he was about to seize his sword and reduce off the dragon’s head (or heads, in some variants), Zmei Gorynytch begged for mercy, swearing by no means to harm one other Russian. Dobrynya Nikitich’s coronary heart softened, and he let Zmei Gorynytch go.

The evil dragon had lied to Dobrynya Nikitich. Upon being launched, he flew instantly to Kiev, the place he snatched up Zabava, the niece of Prince Vladimir. Dobrynya Nikitich went after the dragon to rescue Zabava. This time, Dobrynya Nikitich confirmed the dragon no mercy. He killed Zmei Gorynytch and introduced Zabava safely house.

In one other journey that celebrated Dobrynya Nikitich’s diplomatic abilities, the hero set off to negotiate with one other ruler for a bride for Prince Vladimir. While Dobrynya Nikitich was away, one other bogatyear, the nasty-tongued Alyosha Popovitch, began a rumor that Dobrynya Nikitich had died through the journey. Everyone believed the gossip, and Prince Vladimir promised the hero’s spouse, Nastasya, to another person. Dobrynya Nikitich returned when the marriage was in progress, stopped the ceremony, and “thumped” Alyosha Popovitch totally for inflicting bother.