Dwarf Antelope Facts and Information
Neotragus batesi de Winton, 1903, Efulen, Bulu Country, Cameroon. Two acknowledged subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Bate’s pygmy antelope, Bate’s dwarf antelope, pygmy antelope; French: Antilope de Bates; German: Batesbockchen; Spanish: Antílope de Bates.
Tiny, delicate antelope with giant eyes, small, rounded ears, and brief, pointed muzzle. Length 19-23 in (47-58 cm); peak 7.5-11.5 in (19-29 cm); weight 4-10 lb (1.8-4.5 kg). Body is reddish to golden-brown, darker on again and head; stomach, throat, and chin and spots under ears are white, as is underside of tail. Horns on males brief and conical.
Patchily distributed in two distinct areas, the primary in western Africa from Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon to Central African Republic and Congo (Brazzaville), and the second in central Africa from jap Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo) to western Uganda.
Tree gaps or areas of heavy undergrowth in moist lowland forests. Includes dense habitats alongside rivers, roads, plantations, gardens, and in secondary progress following logging. Occur at densities up to 194 per mi 2 (75 per km2) in very best habitats, however extra usually seen at densities of 4-Eight per mi 2 (1.5-three per km2).
Cryptic and shy, this antelope is customized to life in closed habitats. Has a sluggish, high-stepping gait when shifting by way of the forest, responds to hazard by freezing and then darting for canopy if the menace approaches carefully. Quick for brief distances, however lacks stamina to outlast predators if caught in bigger clearings. Males mark territories with black, tar-like secretions of the pre-orbital gland. Short, nasal moans are used to preserve contact between people, and they often bark when fleeing from hazard.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Selective browsers of high-quality leaves, stems, and shoots from an unlimited variety of food vegetation. Crops akin to candy potatoes, peanuts, and peppers are additionally consumed, as are fruits. Foraging happens each day and evening in distant places and extra usually solely at evening in areas close to human habitation.
Males type unique house ranges of 5-10 acres (2-Four ha). Reproduction happens 12 months spherical however with two peaks coinciding with the arrival of wet seasons. As many as 80% of breedingage females are pregnant at any given time. Young are hidden for months and weaning sometimes happens through the wet season.
Lower Risk/Near Threatened. This antelope’s capability to use and generally thrive in human-dominated habitats has enabled it to survive in areas the place different mammals can’t. However, heavy searching and the lack of forest habitat current main threats. It is captured in nets and snares by searching events and additionally taken by canine in areas close to human settlements.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Linked to folklore and taboos in some areas of its distribution, which has helped shield it from over-harvest in these areas. Accounts for less than a small proportion of animals bought as bush meat in western Africa, however has appreciable subsistence worth for communities dwelling in and close to forests. Skin is used for conventional crafts.