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Enki/Ea God in Sumerian Mythology

The Mesopotamian god often known as Enki in Sumerian and Ea in Akkadian was the god of the subterranean freshwaters, which had been known as the abzu. In Sumerian and Akkadian mythology, he was a smart god and determiner of destinies. Enki was additionally the deity of magic and incantations, and he performed a task in the creation fable.

Enki is usually described because the son of the sky god, An. Other myths establish him because the offspring of Enlil, god of the winds and knowledge. At different occasions, he's the problem of the goddess of the ocean, Nammu.

Enki’s major cult middle, known as E-abzu (Abzu House), was situated in the southern Mesopotamian metropolis of Eridu. The temple, in accordance to a Sumerian custom, was the oldest shrine in Mesopotamia. In the Sumerian fable Enki’s Journey to Nippur, the shrine was described as constructed from valuable steel and lapis lazuli.

An early second-millennium Sumerian story, Enki and Ninhursanga, described a sacred land known as Dilmun, in which “the raven was not yet cawing, the partridge not cackling. The lion did not slay, the wolf was not carrying off lambs, the dog had not been taught to make kids curl up, the pig had not learned that grain was to beeaten.” This land was virginal and pristine, aplace the place there was no illness, dying, or outdated age.

The latter a part of the story revolves round Enki, the mom goddess Ninhursanga, and their offspring and descendants, all of whom Enki impregnated. One descendant, the spider goddess Uttu, had Enki’s semen eliminated by Ninhursanga. From this seed, eight vegetation grew that Enki devoured, inflicting him nice ache. Ninhursanga then healed Enki and gave delivery to eight divinities. The composition ends with Enki assigning destinies to every of his offspring. Other tales about Enki and creation are discovered in two different Sumerian compositions, Enki and Ninmah and Enki and the World Order.

Enki was depicted in artwork as a water god, pleasant to humanity, with streams of freshwater flowing from his shoulders to the bottom. In the parable of Atra-hasis, Enki helped the mortal hero Atra-hasis to keep away from the dire penalties of plague, famine, and flood. In the epic story of Gilgamesh, Enki helped the hero Uta-napishti to escape the flood and achieve immortality.

A Sumerian fable, Enki and Inanna, tells of the try by Inanna, the goddess of intercourse and love and daughter of Enki, to go to her father in his temple at Eridu. Her objective was to acquire higher powers by way of possession of the me (pronounced could), the divine requirements that underlie human civilization. Inanna obtained the me from her father whereas he was drunk. In spite of Enki’s makes an attempt to cease her, she introduced them to her residence metropolis of Uruk. It is unknown whether or not Enki ever obtained the me again.
Enki fits into the overall storytelling archetype of the trickster.