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Enlil: Chief God of Sumerian Mythology

Enlil was one of the chief gods of the Sumerian and Babylonian pantheons. According to some myths, he was the offspring of An, the first Sumerian god. Enlil was additionally identified because the brother of the mom goddess Aruru and the god of wind, or the sky between Earth and heaven.

Enlil’s partner was Ninlil, who was referred to as Sud in Sumerian delusion. His offspring include the goddess Inanna, the queen of heaven; the god Ishkur, a storm god identified in Babylonian sources as Adad; Suen, a moon god referred to as Sin in Akkadian; Nergal, an underworld deity; Ninurta, principally a god of battle, often known as Ningirsu; Nuska, Enlil’s minister who was additionally a god of fire; Utu, the solar god, often called Shamash in Akkadian; Zababa, a battle god; and Ennugi, the canal inspector.

The cult of Enlil was centered within the E-kur, the mountain home, within the Sumerian spiritual capital of Nippur on the northern border of Sumer. Major tales about Enlil are present in two Sumerian myths: Enlil and Ninlil and Enlil and Sud. Copies of these myths had been present in excavations at Nippur.

Enlil and Ninlil

The delusion Enlil and Ninlil begins as Enlil spots the attractive goddess Ninlil bathing within the pure canal. He approached her and supplied kisses and love, however the goddess demurred, explaining that she was younger and harmless. If her dad and mom discovered that she had an affair, they might punish her. Nevertheless, Enlil persevered and finally impregnated Ninlil.

Word of Enlil’s rape of the goddess was reported to the meeting of the gods, and he was declared to be unclean. He was seized and banished from the town. Despite the impropriety of Enlil’s advances, Ninlil stayed by his aspect, decided to be with him and to bear him extra youngsters. Enlil tried to get away, however Ninlil adopted him and Enlil slept along with her a number of extra occasions. The delusion ends with reward to the mom, Ninlil, who conceived Enlil’s youngsters, and with a celebration of Enlil as bringer of fertility and prosperity.

The story implies that though Enlil raped and deceived Ninlil, she continued to comply with him to fulfill her craving to be a spouse and to produce youngsters. The story additionally implies that, though he wronged Ninlil and have become an outcast, Enlil was by no means completely barred from returning to civilization.

According to one interpretation, Enlil was god of Earth and of the moist winds of spring. The delusion was used to clarify Enlil’s disappearance on the finish of the lengthy, dry summer time and his return within the spring because the god who introduced fertility and productiveness to nature.

Enlil and Sud

An identical delusion, Enlil and Sud, additionally relates thestory of the younger god Enlil’s seek for a spouse. The poem describes Enlil’s infatuation with the attractive younger Sud (one other title for Ninlil), their courtship, and their subsequent marriage.

The story begins with Enlil, the nice god of heaven, in search of a spouse. He noticed Sud, a younger lady who was the daughter of the goddess Nisaba, on the street in entrance ofher home. Enlil assumed that the lady have to be disreputable or she wouldn't have been alone on the street. Taken along with her magnificence, Enlil promised to rehabilitate her, give her correct clothes, and make her a girl. Sud was bowled over by Enlil’s disrespectful speech and tried to brush him off. Enlil endured, saying he wished to categorical his love for her. Sud was shocked by this brash conduct and went into the home.

Enlil didn't hand over. He instructed his emissary, Nuska, to go to the lady’s home laden with bridal presents to ask her mom for her daughter’s hand. Nuska arrived and, within the title of Enlil, requested the goddess for the hand of her daughter. The nice goddess was flattered that Enlil wished to marry Sud. She responded that Enlil’s conduct can be forgiven and he or she would gladly turn out to be his mother-in-law.

After the marriage, the finest perfumes had been poured over Sud, and he or she and Enlil consummated the wedding. Enlil then blessed his spouse. He decreed that she can be often called Nintu, Lady Who Gives Birth. Nintu was then placed in cost of all of the secrets and techniques pertaining to ladies. Nintu grew to become an incredible fertility goddess and was given a second title, Ninlil, which suggests “goddess of full-grown wheat.” She was additionally given the position of mistress of the scribal arts.

Not solely does this delusion present Enlil as a love-struck younger man relatively than a distant deity, but it surely additionally comprises the Mesopotamian view {that a} lady’s position was to be fertile and to handle her husband’s family.