The Philippines has developed a combined tradition from the mixing of overseas influences with a number of indigenous parts. The spiritual beliefs are as various because the people, with about sixty completely different ethnic teams inhabiting the archipelago. The majority of Filipinos are Christians, however there are nonetheless some followers of older beliefs.
Just a few of the extra necessary deities are listed right here, as are among the supernatural beings which are associated to Filipino mythic beliefs. Many of the ideas and deities are frequent to multiple ethnic group, however these identiﬁed with just one group are listed individually.
The Bagobo People
Eugpamolak Manobo is the chief deity and creator. He lives within the heavens and watches over people. Any human who doesn’t make correct choices to him (he dislikes bloody sacriﬁces) is punished. Eugpamolak Manobo is invited to each Bagobo ritual.
The Bilaan People
Mele, or Melu, is the creator of the world and of humanity. He lives within the heavens and doesn’t meddle in human affairs until the people pray to him and make him choices. Aiding Mele inthe creation had been the lesser deities Diwata, Fiuweigh, and Saweigh. In some accounts, Diwata is Mele’s spouse. In others, Diwata is Mele’s brother.
The Kapampangan People
Malyari and Sinukuan are two hermaphrodite deities which are perpetually at odds with one another. Malyari guidelines the evening and the Moon, and Sinukuan guidelines the day and the Sun. Their unending conﬂict retains the steadiness of life and nature.
Malyari, whose house is in Mount Pinatubo, is alleged to have been chargeable for the eruption of the volcano that occurred in June 1991.
The Tagalog People
Bathala is the creator of the universe. Some accounts state that one other god, Kabunian, created people as a result of he was lonely.
Bathala’s partner is Lakapati, deity of fertility and cultivation. In some myths, Lakapati begins creation and Bathala ﬁnishes the job. Mayari, goddess of the Moon, is their daughter.
The Tinguian People
The Tinguian people stay within the mountains of central Luzon. Tadaklan, their thunder god, lives within the sky along with his spouse, Agemem. Tadaklan’s canine Kimat causes lightning. At Tadaklan’s command, Kimat will chunk a home, which means it’s struck by lightning.
Together Tadakan and Agemem created theSun, the Moon, Earth, and the celebrities. The Sun married a mortal lady, Aponibolinayen, who lives within the heavens along with her husband.
Mythic and Folkloric Beings
There are plenty of useful, or at the least innocent, beings in Filipino mythology. These include Agta, a small, black, solitary being that’s typically useful to ﬁshermen and likes to smoke cigars; the bagat, a big, innocent canine that may be seen on the evening of a full Moon or after a rain; and diwatas, the tree or nature spirits that bless those that assist the forest however curse those that hurt it. There are also the dwende (the identify means dwarf in Spanish). These small beings could also be associated to European folk-beings; they’re very comparable to the useful home spirits of Europe.
The kama-kama are the Filipino “little people.” They hoard treasure and are available out solely at twilight. If people deal with the kamakama kindly, they do no hurt. But they provide highly effective, painful pinches to any human who angers them.
The mantyo is a tall, skinny forest being with lengthy hair. It lives amongst tall bushes, preferablynear kapok bushes, and normally is pleasant to people.
The batibat, which bears a resemblance to the dryads of Greek fable, additionally lives within the forest. This feminine tree spirit resembles a giant, fatwoman. If her tree is left alone, she is innocent. But if her tree is lower down, she’s going to comply with the wooden. If the wooden is made right into a mattress, the batibat will trigger nightmares for anybody sleeping in that mattress. If the sleeper can wriggle his or her massive toe in the course of the nightmare, or chunk his or her thumb, the batibat will go away and presumably search for one other tree.
There are many malicious creatures in Filipino mythology, a few of that are lethal to people. The aswang is a ghoul that disguises itself as a innocent animal in the course of the day and turns into a gaunt monster trying to find human prey at evening. The boroka, a hybrid monster with the pinnacle of a girl, the physique of a horse, and the wings of an eagle, preys on kids. The dila is a spirit tongue that slips up between the bamboo planks of a home’s ﬂoor to lick people to demise. In the ocean, the ukoy, which resembles an octopus, generally kills swimmers if they arrive too shut.
The manananggal is a vampire that appears like a wild-eyed lady. She can break up herself in half in the course of the time of the complete Moon. The higher half then grows wings and ﬂies at evening looking for blood. The means to destroy the manananggal is to ﬁnd the decrease half and canopy itwith garlic or salt, making it not possible for the manananggal to rejoin its two halves. Once day breaks, the divided manananggal will die.
Somewhat comparable to the vampiritic manananggal is the marmanhig. This undead being hunts people, tickling them to demise earlier than devouring them. A marmanhig, although, will be slain by throwing water on it.
With so many unusual and unique beings and so many doable tales, the world of Filipino mythology and folklore is a wealthy supply for storytellers.