In Greek mythology, Athena , referred to as Minerva by the Romans, was the god warfare, knowledge, and arts and crafts. She was additionally the patron goddess of Athens and the favourite baby of her father, Zeus, chief of the Greek gods.
Athena’s mom was Metis, the goddess of knowledge and Zeus’s ﬁrst spouse. Zeus grew fearful that Metis would give delivery to a son mightier than himself, so he swallowed Metis.
While Metis was inside Zeus, she, or presumably Athena, started to make a helmet and gown for Athena. The noise of the helmet being hammered into form gave Zeus horrible complications. He referred to as to his son the smith Hephaestus for assist. Hephaestus break up open Zeus’s cranium, and from it emerged the full-grown Athena, carrying her newly usual gown and helmet.
Athena assisted sure Greek heroes, together with Perseus and Odysseus, and the halfdivine Hercules. But Athena might be vengeful if crossed. As the goddess of arts and crafts, Athena was expert at weaving, embroidery, and spinning. When a mortal girl named Arachne boastfully challenged Athena at weaving, following their contest, Athena turned Arachne right into a spider.
Athena and the god Poseidon, king of the seas and brother of Zeus, each needed to declare a sure Greek metropolis. They agreed that whichever gave the town the ﬁnest reward can be the one to declare it. Poseidon struck the aspect of the cliff along with his trident and a spring welled up. Athena’s reward was an olive tree. The people selected hers as the higher reward, because it offered food, oil, and wooden. Athena named her metropolis Athens.
Athena is often pictured as a tall, regal girl carrying a crested helmet and carrying a spear and protect. On her protect is the top of Medusa. Athena is commonly proven with an owl, her patron animal, on her shoulder.
She is commonly referred to as Athena Parthenos, that means “virgin,” as a result of she selected to keep a virgin. The Parthenon, the Athenian temple courting to about 400 B.C.E., is devoted to her.