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HuitziloPochtli: The Hummingbird of the South

HuitziloPochtli (Hummingbird of the South, Hummingbird of the Left) is the Warrior and solar god of the Aztec; the most necessary god of the Aztec in Tenochtitlán. Huitzilopochtli was a brand new god to the Aztec, not one evolving from earlier teams.

The Aztec considered the Sun’s path across the sky as Huitzilopochtli’s day by day wrestle with the underworld—a victory in the morning because it rises, then defeat because it descends in the afternoon for its nightly journey by way of darkness. His identify displays the Aztec perception that when warriors die, their souls turn into hummingbirds that journey with the Sun. A fable about Huitzilopochtli’s origin tells that he burst out of his mom’s womb as a full-grown warrior.

In one other fable, he's the hero-god who led the Aztec from their legendary residence of Aztlan in northwestern Mexico to the Valley of Mexico, the place they ultimately constructed an empire. During the 200-year migration, priest rulers carried an idol of Huitzilopochtli, who ready the people (by way of the clergymen) for the nice civilization to come.

The temple to Huitzilopochtli in Tenochtitlán was on high of the primary pyearamid alongside that of Tlaloc, the rain god. The juxtaposition symbolized each the people’s want for the Sun and rain, with out which they might not exist, and the yearly cycle of a war-filled dry season and a moist rising season. Stone skulls standing out in opposition to a pink painted background adorned Huitzilopochtli’s temple.

Huitzilopochtli was often proven carrying a hummingbird helmet or with feathers on his head and down his left leg. He held a snake, a mirror, or a warrior’s protect. Because Huitzilopochtli was a brand new god, aside from his temple, there have been no monuments or stone sculptures of him. The helmet was his one distinguishing function.

This might have been one purpose why the Aztec accepted the Spanish so readily at first: The helmets the Spanish conquistadores wore had been remarkably like Huitzilopochtli’s. In an ironic twist, the brutal bloodbath of the Aztec in Tenochtitlán by the Spanish occurred when the Aztec had gathered on Huitzilopochtli’s pageant day.