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Hyakki  yakō: Night Parade of 100 Hundred Scroll

Hyakkiyakō(hyakii yakō Zu) was the title of a number of well-known Japanese Buddhist scroll work and a legend about Hyakki Yakō or the Night Parade of 100 Demons. The story originated in a Shinto hearth pageant fable concerning the Kumano Mountains the place, annually, all of the Shinto gods, or kami, are supposed to meet on the mountain.

During the medieval period, the story was related to the Heian interval and co- opted by the Buddhists as a story of blame in opposition to the a lot despised Heike ruler of 1180, Taira Kiyomori, who insulted the Buddhists by transferring Japan’s capital from Buddhist-held Kyoto to his clan’s stronghold of Fukuhara. (Kiyomori is a central villain in Heike Monogatari, or the story of heike.)

The legend goes like this: a younger nobleman is ordered to shut up his home in Kyoto and transfer instantly to the brand new Imperial court docket in Fukuhara. While he’s gone, a trusted servant stays behind to look after the home. One evening, the nobleman returns for a go to to discover his home and grounds are infested with 100 oni, tengu, bakemono, and different demons having a wild get together. He prays to Buddha, and by daybreak the demons scatter, overwhelmed by the sunshine of faith.

In different variations, the nobleman encounters a parade of demons on the best way to his home. The demons shortly overtake the carriage and pressure it off the street. As the anxious nobleman sits inside, wonder- ing what to do, the demons scare away his attendants and free the oxen so as to chase them across the sector. Blue and brown demons and ogres smash the roof in with mallets, batter the wheels with poles and sticks, and set it ablaze with golden balls of hearth.

They tear on the curtains with their claws and gnaw on the wooden with their sharp enamel. But because the final of the carriage is consumed by flames and smoke, the nobleman escapes with the Buddha’s assist. He sits calmly in a meadow, his eyes closed, clicking his prayer beads as he chants a sutra, secure from the destruction. He prays till daybreak, when the demons scatter again into darkish locations, unable to face the sunshine of day.

The earliest recognized scrolls depicting the demons’ evening parade is Hyakki Yako Zu, hand drawn by artist Tosa Mitsunobu (who lived from 1434 to 1525). The legend was revived 300 years later, when Toriyama Sekien printed his assortment of Hyakki Yako tales in 1776. That appears to have impressed a quantity of well-known 19th and 20th century artists to paint their very own variations, together with Takemura’s 5 panel scroll, dated 1918, wherein the earth-colored demons with ugly options maliciously ransack the carriage. By distinction, 19th-century ebook illustrator Kawanabe Kyosai’s Hyakki Yako is extra playful in tone, with pastel-colored demons dancing and cavorting in a foolish model.