Antilope oreotragus (Zimmermann, 1783), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Eleven proposed subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Oreotrague; German: Klippspringer.
Small, compact antelope with rounded hindquarters and blunt muzzle. Walks on tips of prolonged hooves. Length 32-39 in (82-100 cm); peak 18-24 in (45-60 cm); weight 20-35 lb (9-16 kg). Fur is coarse, hole, and tawny to grey in look. Underside and ear linings gentle grey to white. Horns straight and annulated in males, up to 6 in (15 cm) in size, although sometimes now not than 3.5 in (9 cm). Unique amongst Neotraginae, females of some populations are horned.
Patchily distributed in rocky and mountainous terrain from northern Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, south by means of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania into central and southern Africa. The largest populations right now happen in Namibia.
Rocky hillsides, cliffs, and ravines from sea degree to 14,800 ft (4,500 m) and at a broad vary of temperature and rainfall regimes. Vegetation sort is significantly much less vital than entry to steep, rocky slopes for escape and canopy. Occur at densities up to 36 per mi2 (14 per km2) in perfect habitats, however extra usually seen at densities of 0.3-0.eight per mi2 (0.1-0.Three per km2).
Nimble and quick, supremely tailored for all times in rocky terrain. Fiercely territorial, territory boundaries are scent marked routinely by all members of the family by inserting feces, urine, and preorbital gland secretions in extremely seen areas. Physical aggression exhibited as fights and chases are widespread and happen between each ####es. Bonds between monogamous pairs are sturdy and infrequently final years. Vigilance is shared amongst group members they usually sign the strategy of a predator with an alarm whistle.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Selective browsers, desire leaves, buds, flowers, fruits, and seeds with high-protein, low-fiber content material. Up to 90% of weight-reduction plan consists of fruit and flowers in moist season, whereas leaves of shrubs, timber, and generally grasses kind bigger portion of weight-reduction plan in dry seasons. Will go away the security of rocky terrain to feed or drink throughout harshest occasions of the year.
The typical breeding group is a male-female pair on a territory 3.5-22 acres (1.4-9 ha) in dimension. Monagamous pairs are generally joined in a territory by one or two un-dispersed offspring. Estrus is believed to final roughly one week and gestation is estimated at 5 months, after which one lamb is born. Newborns lay hidden for up to three months earlier than becoming a member of dad and mom and are weaned at 4 months. Seasonality of copy varies across the broad geographic vary of this species, however is mostly coordinated with wet seasons.
Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent. Their desire for steep, rocky habitats and their skill to detect and keep away from predators (human or in any other case) has allowed this species to keep away from the widespread pitfalls of habitat loss and over looking. However, the subspecies O. o. porteousi represents an exception and is classed as Endangered the place it happens in Nigeria and the Central African Republic. Predictable routes of journey by animals additionally makes snaring an efficient and probably devastating type of looking.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Sturdiness and agility have made it a preferred mascot and hero in conventional and trendy African folklore. It has little financial worth by means of a lot of its geographic vary and its meat will not be usually most well-liked. It includes a comparatively small a part of the bushmeat commerce in Nigeria.