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Quetzalcoatl God: The Ever-present Feathered Serpent

Quetzalcoatl (Feathered Serpent) is a vital and ever-present god of the Nahua (this contains the Aztec, Toltec, and Zapotec), who thought of him a supreme deity of many facets of on a regular basis life—drugs, fertility, agriculture, the air and clouds, Venus because the morning star, thieves, and playing. He was thought to have invented the calendar, books, and writing, and, in accordance to some tales, he was one of many 4 creator gods. As Ehecatl, he was the god of wind. Although there was just about no side of each day life that he didn’t contact, he was not thought of essentially the most highly effective god.

Early students consider Quetzalcoatl, who’s an previous god, to have been an agricultural or rain god earlier than the Toltec made him god of the morning star, Venus. He is the son of the creator couple Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. In one sequence of tales, the creator god Ometeotl despatched Quetzalcoatl to Earth to lead the people. Quetzalcoatl proved an in a position king till the smoking mirror god, Tezcatlipoca, held up his mirror. Quetzalcoatl was so horrified on the sight of his face that Tezcatlipoca provided to paint it. After portray Quetzalcoatl’s face, Tezcatlipoca dressed him in quetzal feathers and a turquoise masks and teased him into consuming a magic potion. No good got here of this, in fact.

Quetzalcoatl grew to become concerned in a drunken orgy and slept together with his sister. When he sobered up, he was so disgusted at how he was dressed and what he had carried out that he threw himself into a hearth. Then he rested in a stone casket for every week as he traveled to the underworld. His coronary heart rose to the heavens and have become the morning star Venus. Some variations of the story say that, as an alternative of sacrificing himself into the fireplace, he left, crusing off towards the east. The rising Sun set fireplace to Quetzalcoatl and his raft, and his coronary heart got here out of his physique and have become a part of the Sun.

This story hyperlinks to precise historical past on two fronts. First, there have been a number of Toltec leaders who have been known as Quetzalcoatl, following the primary who the Toltec believed was despatched to Earth by Ometeotl to rule. The second hyperlink got here in 1521 with the Spanish conquistadores, underneath the management of Hernando Cortés (1485–1547). The Aztec believed Quetzalcoatl would return from the east over the ocean. So when the Spanish arrived, the Aztec believed that Hernando Cortés and his troopers have been the returning god Quetzalcoatl and his attendants. Thus, the Aztec welcomed them.

After the Spanish arrived and compelled Meso- Americans to convert to Christianity, Quetzalcoatl grew to become linked with Saint Thomas and step by step grew to become extra of a tradition hero or god than a his- torical determine. In the early 20th century, Quetzalcoatl grew to become fashionable throughout the Mexican Revolution. Since then, he has been continuously depicted in artwork and is utilized by Mexicans to symbolize their heritage as a rustic based by a robust, proud Indian people.