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Difference between Reference and Bibliography

Reference and Bibliography

Difference between Reference and Bibliography will be vividly discuss here. The highlight of each word’s meaning, similarity and difference between Reference and Bibliography.

Before we delve into the comparison and finding out the differences between Reference and Bibliography, let’s first and foremost understand their respective meaning.


Reference is therefore a short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text.

A previously published written work thus indicated; a source.

In context, reference is any object, column containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself.

However, reference work is a compendium of information, which is not intended to be read from beginning to end, and is compiled for ease of reference.

The point is, reference is an indication of previously published works which is used as source to vindicate the present one authenticity.

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Bibliography is a section of a written work containing citations, not quotations, to all the books referenced in the work.

In other end, bibliography can also be regarded as a list of books or documents relevant to a particular subject or author.

Furthermore, the study of the history of books in terms of their classification, printing and publication is also alluded as bibliography.

Bottom line is, bibliography is a section of a publication that entails the list of reference itself.

Key difference

References usually come at the end of a text (essay or research report) and should contain only those works cited within the text. So, use the term ‘References ‘ to cover works cited, and ‘Additional Bibliography ‘ to refer to works read as general background.

A Bibliography is any list of references at the end of a text, whether cited or not . It includes texts you made use of, not only texts you referred to in your paper, but your own additional background reading, and any other articles you think the reader might need as background reading.

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Reference is the highlight of sources citation while Bibliography is the list of references compiled.

  1. That is, reference is the materials used within a work while bibliography is the listing of all materials that have been consulted.
  2. Bibliography is not directly included in the text. References are those that are directly included in your actual text.

We hope we’ve deliver what you need as in the dissimilarity between reference and bibliography. We believe by now you will be able to discern the slight difference between reference and bibliography as you find this article useful.