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Lowland tapir Facts

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TAXONOMY

Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758), Brazil. Six subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: South American tapir, Amazonian tapir, Brazilian tapir, bush cow; French: Tapir d’Amerique du Sud, tapir commun; German: Flachlandtapir; Spanish: Tapir de tierra baja, danta, gran bestia.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and physique size: 6–7 ft (1.8–2.2 m); tail size: 2–Four in (5–10 cm); shoulder peak: 2.5–3.5 ft (77–110 cm); weight: 396–660 lb (180–300 kg). Tan to black or reddish coloring. Undersides and legs usually darkish; cheeks, throat, and ear edges lighter in shade. Black mane from brow to midback. Tall crest on head. Young are darkish brown and have white spots and stripes.

DISTRIBUTION

East of Andes from northern Venezuela and Colombia to southern Brazil and northern Argentina. Also crosses jap Andes of Colombia and Venezuela to inhabit Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta area and has been reported from the Colombian facet of the Darien close to Panama.

HABITAT

Lowland rainforest and montane cloud forest from sea degree to about 4,265–4,920 ft (1,300-1,500 m) in Ecuador; 5,575 ft (1,700 m) or extra in different areas.

BEHAVIOR

Congregate round mineral seeps the place they work together socially. They use trails to hyperlink main habitat elements and are typically solitary. They emit loud squealing sounds when alarmed, and sometimes stand nonetheless to keep away from detection. They are glorious swimmers.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Eats many species of timber, bushes, and herbs, efficiently disperses the seeds of a lot of these (significantly documented in palms) and, typically, opens up clearings essential for forest renewal. Also eats aquatic crops and will stroll on river bottoms, which produces useful mutualistic results.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Gestation of 385–412 days. Generally single delivery, sometimes twins. In captivity might presumably reproduce each 15 months. Estrous lasts two or three days. Monogamous by means of breeding season.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Upgraded to Vulnerable from Extinction. Dire threats include wholesale forest destruction and indiscriminate searching concomitant with rampant colonization and petroleum and mineral exploitation. Studies point out {that a} lowland tapir inhabitants begins to decline after 20% of its numbers has been eradicated by means of searching, and that mining air pollution and obliteration of conventional salt licks have a devastating impact upon them.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Figures in native religions as an animal with magical powers. Important for upkeep of biodiversity as a seed disperser and opener of clearings. Hunted for its meat, leather-based, and medicinal elements. Ecotourist attraction.

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