OTHER NAMES

Mueller’s clawed frog, Müller’s easy clawed frog, tropical plantanna, northern tropical plantanna, northern plantanna.

TAXONOMY

Dactylethra mülleri Peters, 1844, “Mozambique.”

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Xenopus muelleri is reasonably giant; females are 2.6–3.5 in (65–90 mm) lengthy, and males are 2.1–2.eight in (52–72 mm) lengthy. The physique and head are depressed, and the small, spherical eyes are situated on prime of the pinnacle; the pores and skin is easy. The hind limbs are lengthy and strong. The three inside toes of the big, absolutely webbed toes bear small, black claws. The inside metatarsal tubercle is a small, fingerlike projection. The subocular tentacle is lengthy and conspicuous, equal to or greater than half the diameter of the attention, and there are 22–27 lateral-line bars between the attention and the vent. Dorsally, the frog is grey and marked with darker blotches. The venter varies from pale grey to darkly marked and could also be deep orange-yellow on the stomach and legs. The toe webbing is orange-yellow.

DISTRIBUTION

Müller’s plantanna has the widest vary of any pipid species and happens in two disjunct populations, often beneath 2,625 ft (800 m). In jap Africa it's discovered from southeastern Kenya via Tanzania, Zanzibar and the Mafia islands, Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique and in jap South Africa south to the realm of Saint Lucia/Empangeni (ca. lat. 28°S). The western inhabitants extends from Burkina Faso and Ghana eastward to southern Sudan and the northeastern a part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

HABITAT

This frog is present in scorching, dry lowlands unique of rainforests. It frequents all kinds of our bodies of water and prefers everlasting ones, comparable to reservoirs, ponds, and quiet areas of rivers throughout the dry season. Only not often is it present in the identical physique of water with one other species of Xenopus.

BEHAVIOR

Members of the western inhabitants of Müller’s plantanna appear to go the dry season within the financial institution zone of rivers, burrowed within the mud of everlasting savanna ponds and sometimes beneath humid layers of leaf litter. The frogs migrate quick distances between ponds on wet nights.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Adults eat toad tadpoles and fish.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Little is thought concerning the breeding habits of Müller’s plantanna. The species makes use of momentary our bodies of water for breeding. Females produce small (0.04 in [1.0 mm] in diameter), darkish grey eggs, that are connected singly on aquatic vegetation and rocks. There are many various reported commercial calls, suggesting that they fluctuate inside and between populations. In South Africa the decision of Müller’s plantanna is a single word that lasts 0.2 seconds and consists of 5 to seven pulses at a price of 26–32 pulses per second and an emphasised frequency of 774–1,142 Hz. The western inhabitants is reported to have a name consisting of a repetition of two-pulsed notes at a price of 4 to eight pulses per second; the emphasised frequency is unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.


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