In Sumer, in the course of the third millennium B.C.E., the moon god was referred to as Nanna-Suen. At occasions, he was referred to as both Nanna or Suen. In the Akkadian language, in the course of the second and ﬁrst millennium B.C.E., he was referred to as Sin.
One of the god’s most necessary cult shrines was placed within the metropolis of Ur, in present-day Iraq. In the cuneiform system of referring to gods by numbers, his identify was written because the quantity thirty, which referred to the thirty days in a lunar month.
Nanna-Suen was one of many ﬁve offspring of Enlil, the chief Sumerian deity, and his spouse, Ninlil. Nanna-Suen’s start is widely known within the Sumerian fantasy Enlil and Ninlil. Another poetic composition, Nanna-Suen’s Journal to Nippur, relates the story of the god’s journey from his shrine at Ur to town of Nippur to obtain his father’s blessing.
The fantasy begins with Nanna-Suen’s choice to go to Nippur and his plan to construct a barge. Nanna-Suen ordered different gods to procure the uncooked supplies for his barge, after which he collected an assortment of animals as choices. Nanna-Suen then set out on his journey.
The barge stopped at six cities earlier than reaching its vacation spot in Nippur. Nanna-Suen approached Enlil’s temple and requested to be admitted. The door opened and Nanna-Suen was greeted warmly by his father. They shared a meal, and Nanna-Suen set off on his return journey to Ur.
This fantasy in all probability reﬂects an historical ceremony that started within the third millennium B.C.E. In this fantasy, a statue of a god was transported from metropolis to metropolis on a barge for six days earlier than arriving within the holy metropolis of Nippur on the seventh day.