Makonaima (Makanaima, makuna-ima) is a creator god and Great Spirit of a number of teams in Guyana, together with the Acawoios and the Arawak. Makonaima works solely in the darkness of night time. In one story of the Acawoios, all animals as soon as lived in peace and will converse to each other. Makonaima created an enormous tree that bore many sorts of fruits. When his son chopped down the tree, an important rush of water poured out of the stump, bringing with it colleges and colleges of fish. Quickly Makonaima put a big basket over the stump to cease the water from pouring out. But a mischievous monkey yanked the basket off the stump and an important flood adopted, taking the basket with it. Makonaima gathered up as lots of the animals as he may, placing some in caves and a few excessive in timber. When the flood had stopped and the land dried up, the current world had been created—with some animals on land, some below the floor, and a few in the timber. In different variations of the story, Makonaima is one among 5 brothers who lower down the tree, and it's Makonaima who causes the flood by eradicating the basket that his brother had put over the stump.As the Great Spirit, Makonaima was considered as a savior in time of want, and sacrifices have been made when asking for his assist. Once, when the peaceable people of the Patamona tribe have been being harassed by the warlike Carib, the Patamona chief sacrificed himself. He canoed over a excessive waterfall in hopes that Makonaima would shield his tribe. The waterfall, the highest one-drop waterfall in the world (742 ft), is now known as Kaieteur Falls after Chief Kai.
A legendary determine acknowledged all through Meso-America that as we speak is believed to cry out at evening for her lifeless youngsters and to materialize within the woods, dressed all in white, to tempt males after which depart them unconscious. Stories that inform how and why Llorona’s youngsters died fluctuate.Some tales say that the Nahua Earth mom Cihuacoatl spirited them away to be sacrificed, however in most tales they had been drowned. Llorona is most frequently heard crying close to a lake, river, spring, or the ocean. Some tales say that Llorona killed the kids to escape having to mom them. Others clarify that she killed them out of revenge or grief at being left by her husband, who both left her or died. In Mexico, Llorona and Malinche are thought-about the identical determine; some students imagine her roots are within the Aztec creation delusion of the large Earth monster Tlaltecuhtli who cries out for blood at evening.
Lake Titicaca, simply 110-mile lengthy, 45-mile extensive lake excessive within the Andes on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Water from the mountains that encompass Lake Titicaca flows into it; from there it flows into Lake Poopó. Over time, the water degree of Lake Poopó has dropped sufficient that it is beneath the extent of the pure outlet, and water leaves the lake solely by way of evaporation.Tiahuanaco, the cultural heart of the Colla, was situated close to the shore of Lake Titicaca. According to fable, the Sun god despatched his youngsters to Earth and placed them on an island (additionally referred to as Titicaca) within the lake, the place the rays of the Sun first strike Earth. Some legends say the gods selected this island as an indication of hope to the people. It is thought-about a sacred place and was the placement of a temple to the Sun that contained as a lot gold and silver as the primary temple to Inti within the Inca capital at Cuzco. It is mentioned that when the Spanish got here and started looting Cuzco, the people threw all of the gold and silver from the island temple into the lake.
Lake Texcoco - A once-large saltwater lake within the central valley of Mexico that was the positioning of Tenochtitlán, the cultural middle and capital of the Aztec empire. The Aztec believed that the lake had been created from and was nonetheless related to the ocean. To take a look at this, in accordance to legend, they as soon as dropped a sealed gourd within the ocean close to a deep cavern alongside the seacoast. Several days later, the gourd floated to the floor of Lake Texcoco.There is a lot salt across the lake, and the Aztec harvested the salt, mounding large piles of the salty earth throughout the dry season. They washed the mounds and put the salty resolution in giant pottery jars. Heating the jars evaporated the water and left the salt,
which they packed in blocks or in jars and used for commerce. Lake Texcoco was virtually utterly drained within the early 1800s in hopes that the underside land might be became farmland, nevertheless it was too salty.
Lake guatavita is the location of the nice temple of the serpent god of the Chibcha Indians of Colombia. Lake Guatavita may have been the place the legendary king El Dorado washed the gold mud off his physique. In 1540, after listening to the story of El Dorado, the Spanish made an expedition to the 130-foot deep lake. They took alongside a whole lot of Indian slaves who have been ordered to use gourds to empty the lake. Three months later, the lake had been lowered 10 toes and just a few small items of gold had been discovered. In 1580, Spanish authorities made one other try to empty the lake by digging a trench. This time, the lake was lowered about 60 toes, and a few emeralds and gold items have been discovered. In 1912, one other group pumped the water out of the lake, however the muddy lake backside dried rock exhausting earlier than the prospectors discovered a lot gold. Then, in 1965, when one more group wished to attempt, the Colombian authorities refused and declared the lake a historic web site.
KuKulcan (KuKulKAn, cuculcAn, cuculkan, The God of Mighty Speech, A Serpent Adorned with Feathers) The supreme god of the Yucatán Maya, the creator, and the god of resurrection and reincarnation; related to Venus.In Mayan historical past and mythology, Kukulcan seems as a god and as a tradition hero and historic chief. He could also be multiple particular person. Can was a well-established household title among the many Maya, and Kukul may very well be a first, or private, title.Some sources title him the chief of a group, maybe the Toltec, who with the Itzá Maya occupied Chichén Itzá by about a.d. 987. They constructed a number of different cities, together with Mayapan, which grew to become the capital of the Mayan empire. Kukulcan dominated for a few years and then left. In the Chilam Balams, he's additionally stated to be a ruler priest in Mayapan within the 14th century.As a hero-god, Kukulcan introduced peace to Chichén Itzá, created Mayapan, and then went west into the heavens to guard the people and reply their prayers. Other tales have him each originating from and disappearing into the ocean. The Maya confirmed him with the physique of a serpent, feathers of the Quetzal, and the enamel of the jaguar, holding a human head in its jaws. As a part of his creator-god standing, he managed the 4 parts—earth, fireplace, air, and water—which gave him as elements the ear of corn, lizard, vulture, and fish.Kukulcan is commonly described as comparable to the Quiché Maya Gucumatz, and the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. Kukulcan is much less a god of the Sun and wind than Quetzalcoatl he's extra a god of the sky, for thunder was very a lot a part of his accountability.
KuKulcan (KuKulKAn, cuculcAn, cuculkan, The God of Mighty Speech, A Serpent Adorned with Feathers) The supreme god of the Yucatán Maya, the creator, and the god of resurrection and reincarnation; related to Venus.In Mayan historical past and mythology, Kukulcan seems as a god and as a tradition hero and historic chief. He could also be a couple of particular person. Can was a well-established household title among the many Maya, and Kukul might be a first, or private, title.Some sources title him the chief of a group, maybe the Toltec, who with the Itzá Maya occupied Chichén Itzá by about a.d. 987. They constructed a number of different cities, together with Mayapan, which turned the capital of the Mayan empire. Kukulcan dominated for a few years and then left. In the Chilam Balams, he's additionally stated to be a ruler priest in Mayapan within the 14th century.As a hero-god, Kukulcan introduced peace to Chichén Itzá, created Mayapan, and then went west into the heavens to guard the people and reply their prayers. Other tales have him each originating from and disappearing into the ocean. The Maya confirmed him with the physique of a serpent, feathers of the Quetzal, and the enamel of the jaguar, holding a human head in its jaws. As a part of his creator-god standing, he managed the 4 parts—earth, hearth, air, and water—which gave him as facets the ear of corn, lizard, vulture, and fish.Kukulcan is commonly described as comparable to the Quiché Maya Gucumatz, and the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. Kukulcan is much less a god of the Sun and wind than Quetzalcoatl he's extra a god of the sky, for thunder was very a lot a part of his duty.
KoruPira (KurupirA, curupirA, corupirA) is a forest demon of varied teams, together with the Tupí, in the Amazon rain forest of Brazil who protects the animals of the forest and treats them once they have been wounded or are sick. He is also a protector of bushes. Korupira has two sides. Although he will be form and useful, he's additionally succesful of nice hurt, however he's not thought-about evil. Particularly offended when a hunter wounds an animal however doesn't kill it, takes extra sport than wanted, or is in any other case wasteful, Korupira could punish the hunter in varied methods. The worst of these punishments is the taking of the hunter’s soul. Korupira can take any animal kind however most continuously is a frog, brocket deer, or paca, a big rodent; he may also take the kind of a human, typically a younger boy. As a human, he could name out to a hunter by title, seem and taunt him, after which disap- pear. If the hunter tries to escape, Korupira could trick him into coming nearer by switching his ft so they're backward. The hunter, following tracks to escape from the place the Korupira had come, really heads towards him. Because he lives deep in the forest and since males do most of the searching, Korupira is most frequently seen by males.There are a number of myths or folktales about Koru-pira. The following one reveals his kinder aspect.A misplaced younger hunter met Korupira in the woods. The hunter was startled by this ugly creature, who was solely three ft tall and had inexperienced tooth and a furry physique. Korupira provided the hunter a alternative that was not a alternative: If the hunter would minimize out his personal coronary heart for Korupira to eat, the monster would information him residence. Thinking rapidly, the hunter agreed however made Korupira promise to flip his again. Korupira agreed, for he was very hungry. The hunter simply hap- pened to have caught a monkey and had stashed it in his pouch. He minimize out the monkey’s coronary heart and gave it to the monster. Korupira was amazed that the bloody knife had left no marks, not even a scratch, on the hunter’s chest. But quickly he was so full from his feast, he forgot about his promise to information the younger man residence and fell asleep. When he woke, Korupira was in a beneficiant temper. Ask me something you want, he informed the hunter. Angry that the monster hadn’t stored his promise, the hunter stated he was hungry from ready. Could he eat Korupira’s coronary heart? Korupira agreed that it was solely honest. Grabbing the hunter’s knife, he sliced open his personal chest and eliminated his coronary heart. Then, Korupira dropped lifeless. The relieved hunter ran away, leaving his knife behind. Eventually, he discovered his manner residence.Months later, the hunter discovered himself close to the website the place Korupira’s lifeless physique lay. When he noticed his knife protruding of the monster’s chest, he pulled it out. Korupira instantly got here again to life. The hunter brandished his knife, prepared to defend himself towards a really offended monster. But Korupira wasn’t offended. He was grateful, thanked the hunter for reviving him, and provided him a present of an enchanted arrow. The arrow would hit every little thing the hunter aimed toward, Korupira defined, so long as the hunter by no means informed anybody about the arrow’s energy. From that day, the hunter by no means missed a shot and stuffed his storehouses with meat of every kind. But his spouse requested him the place he acquired his particular arrow so many instances that at some point the hunter lastly informed her the entire story. The subsequent morning the hunter shot his arrow as normal. But as an alternative of hitting its goal, it become a flying serpent that disappeared in the bushes, straight into the arms of Korupira. The hunter had damaged his promise, and the monster and his particular arrow disappeared for good.
Kinich ahau (AhAu Kin, Ah Kin) the solar god of the Yucatán Maya. Kinich Ahau was a god of the day, who moved across the sky and have become a jaguar at evening to journey by means of the underworld. He is the daytime Itzámna (sky god) and was adopted by rulers and warriors alike. Undoubtedly, these leaders hoped to faucet into the ability of each the Sun and the jaguar. Kinich Ahau was additionally the patron of the Mayan metropolis Itzamal, which he visited day by day at noontime, flying down from the heavens as a macaw to eat no matter choices people had set out for him. He is commonly proven with crosses for eyes, a big hooked nostril, and a full beard whose curled ends resemble the rays of the Sun. He has additionally appeared as a big hen with brightly coloured feathers, and due to his photo voltaic affiliation, Kinich Ahau was recognized with fireplace. The similar four-petaled glyph in Mayan writing stands for each Kinich Ahau and the Sun. Kinich Ahau is often known as Ah Xoc Kin, the god of poetry and music.
Kauyumari was a trickster god of the Huichol in Mexico; also called Wolf. The Huichol inform many tales about Kauyumari. In some tales, he's a part of the creation course of—surviving the flood, populating the world, and performing the primary funeral. In tales reminiscent of the next he's the basic idiot, often taken benefit of by the Moon: One day, Moon requested Kauyumari to do him a favor. Kauyumari was skeptical; he had realized not to belief Moon. But Moon appeared to really want his assist and even known as him Brother, which had by no means occurred earlier than. Maybe, thought Kauyumari, Moon had begun to respect him just a bit. So, Kauyumari agreed and requested how he may assist. Moon defined that he wanted a tree lower down. That the tree was full of honey could be a bonus to Kauyumari. The poor idiot lower down the tree, however because the honey poured out of it, it become a torrent of smelly, black water and small stones that knocked Kauyumari over and gave Moon fun as he moved across the sky.
JuruParí (yurupAré, Crooked Mouth) A chief god, cult god, or an evil spirit of varied teams within the tropical forests of the Amazon and Orinoco River areas of South America.Juruparí is taken into account by some to be a god that solely males may worship. He is related to coming-of-age rituals of boys. So male-oriented are these ceremonies that ladies risked demise in the event that they discovered about them. The Maku, who nonetheless apply a juruparí, embrace flute music and the taking of hallucinogens to induce trances to get in contact with the gods and spirits. Part of the ritual features a reenactment of the approaching of the ancestral anaconda (a large snake) to the rivers. As a cult god, Juruparí is claimed to ensure people proceed their conventional lifestyle.As an evil spirit Juruparí is a jungle demon who takes many animal types to draw people towards it. It is claimed to additionally seem at evening, usually to youngsters, gripping their throats simply sufficient to convey on an sickness or a nasty dream. The first Juruparí was a younger boy who was born to the primary girl named Amaru simply after the time of creation. When he was born, he had no mouth, so he couldn't eat or discuss. One of the primary males, Exhaler, blew wind throughout him, which gave the boy nourishment so he grew. One day the creator god, Son of the Bone, requested the boy if he was fish, animal, or human, however with every query, the boy shook his head no. Then the creator god requested if he was a Juruparí. As the boy nodded sure, he instantly had a mouth, which he opened huge as he despatched out a loud roar.Not lengthy after this, Juruparí watched as some boys from the villages sneaked some fruit their dad and mom had requested them not to eat. Having taken it, in fact, the boys knew they'd get into hassle. Juruparí opened his mouth huge and the boys, considering it was a cave, ran in to disguise from their dad and mom. Then Juruparí went again to the village and threw up the youngsters.Son of the Bone declared that Juruparí have to be punished by demise for consuming his playmates, however Juruparí fled into the sky, vowing by no means to come down. After many hours, his abdomen started to rumble. Soon, Juruparí was crying for one thing to eat. Son of the Bone ready a particular plate of food to tempt Juruparí down, then captured the boy as he shoved the food into his enormous mouth. Howling, roaring, and making all of the sounds of the animals and birds, a defiant Juruparí declared that Son of the Bone may by no means kill him, not with wooden, water, knife, nor any man-made weapon. Undeterred, Son of the Bone and Exhaler threw the boy right into a bonfire. As he burned, Juruparí put a curse on the world, declaring that males may not enter heaven until they died first. That was how demise got here to Earth.Juruparí’s burning physique lastly exploded, showering ashes over the land. Various crops sprang from the ashes, together with the primary paxiuba palm tree. From this tree, Exhaler made 10 reed flutes, every from three to six ft in size. These flutes may make all of the animal sounds of the jungle. When Amaru heard the flutes, they reminded her of her son. Claiming the reeds for her personal, she argued that that they had sprung from the ashes of her son and had been due to this fact her grandchildren. When her brothers refused to half with the flutes, Son of the Bone organized a tree-climbing contest for the women and men of the tribe. Whichever aspect gained may maintain the flutes. The males gained, however the girls stole the flutes and ran away with them, caressing the flutes and creating a fantastic tune within the course of. Exhaler chased the ladies and used thunder to kill all of them, excepting solely his sister Amaru. Then the boys claimed the flutes for their very own, and the now-reconciled spirit of Juruparí taught them how to make all of the sounds of the animals and birds of the jungle.This sort of origin delusion of male domination was used to clarify males’s energy and authority over girls. Each year, the boys enact a particular Juruparí ceremony for the youthful boys that teaches them how girls first found or got magical devices that embrace jakuí (reed flutes) and trumpets and the way the boys finally found out how to get unique rights to the magical devices. The devices are saved hidden in a particular constructing that ladies are forbidden to enter. The males of some tribes additionally put on wood masks to evoke the spirit of Juruparí. These masks or costumes, manufactured from twisted palm leaves, human hair, and different braided materials, are thought of sacred and solely the boys of the tribe are allowed to contact them.The Juruparí story comes into fashionable life within the title of a river fish. The juruparí species (native title juruparipindi) are what are often called mouthbreeders: After being fertilized, their eggs are in some way introduced into the fish’s mouth, the place they're saved in a pouch till they hatch; then they're launched. Some varieties maintain the eggs within the pouch for under a short time after which lay them in nests within the sand on the river’s backside all through their improvement. But if the eggs are endangered in any respect, the dad or mum takes them again into its mouth—simply as the primary Juruparí took within the fruit-eating boys.
Jakuí is the Water spirits that play heavenly music on flutes. Jakuí is additionally the phrase for four-foot-long reed flutes with an oboe-like mouthpiece, that are performed by the Kamayurá and different tribes alongside the northern Amazon River in Brazil. Finally, jakuí additionally refers to particular picket masks that symbolize the water spirits, that are worn in a YuruParí ceremony commemorating the origin fantasy of male domination.According to the myths, the water spirits performed their jakuí flutes each day at nightfall. The music attracted the consideration of the Yamuricumá ladies, who by some means have been both given or took three of the flutes residence with them. The flutes had particular powers that allowed the ladies to dominate the males. The ladies performed the flutes all day lengthy, forbidding the males to come close to and even peek at them whereas they performed. The Hero Twins, Sun and Moon, didn’t like the manner the ladies handled the males, so that they scared the ladies off and gave the flutes to the males of the tribe. It is now the ladies who are usually not allowed to see or play the flutes and should disguise of their home, wailing about the loss of their devices, whereas the males carry out the ritual musical ceremony. Within the villages the place the ritual is carried out, a particular home of the flute is constructed to preserve and apply the jakuí.
Jaci is the feminine silver Moon, who figures within the following Amazon creation fantasy from Brazil: Jaci was wandering by means of the Amazon forest when she noticed the Sun. He was a good-looking warrior, with fiery eyes, a golden complexion, and radiant energy. The Sun observed Jaci and fell in love together with her silvery magnificence and shy methods. As they declared their love for one another, the Sun started to burn with such a ardour that he realized he was in peril of burning up the Earth itself. At the identical time, Jaci was so overcome with love that she started to cry tears of happiness, almost flooding the Earth. Helpless to management their feelings, Jaci and the Sun determined it was too harmful for them to keep collectively. Reluctantly, they agreed by no means to meet in the identical spot once more. The Sun quickly forgot about Jaci, who made certain by no means to present herself till the Sun went to sleep. However, Jaci was so heartbroken that she cried each night time. Her tears dripped on the forest leaves, puddling on the forest ground, and working down the mountains, creating the good Amazon River.
Iztaccihuatl, an Aztec mountain goddess, guardian of animals wanted for food; additionally the identify of a 16,000-foot volcanic moun- tain in Mexico that's thought to appear like a resting lady wrapped in a white cloak. Iztaccihuatl was the daughter of an Aztec emperor who didn't need her to marry the warrior she liked. When the warrior was despatched off to struggle, her father advised Iztaccihuatl that he had died. She was so crammed with grief that she wasted away and died. But the warrior was not lifeless. When he returned, he took her physique to the highest of a mountain, the place he lay alongside her and died. The gods pitied them each and lined them with snow. Then they turned the lovers into mountains. She is the Sleeping Woman; he's Popocatépetl, Smoking Mountain, a volcano that also erupts to present his anger and grief.
IX chel (ixchel, ix chebel, yAx, The Lady Rainbow) Mayan goddess of water, drugs, weaving, childbirth, and the Moon; typically referred to as Goddess I. According to some interpretations, Ix Chel was married to the Sun god, ItzÁmna. As a married couple, the pair illustrated duality: Itzámna was benevolent, whereas Ix Chel was harmful. To be honest, Ix Chel additionally had facet. She protected weavers and ladies in childbirth. The harmful facet was extra pronounced, nonetheless. She was accountable for the floods and heavy rains that knocked out crops and sometimes introduced dying. Ix Chel was stated to “personify” the harmful facet of water and was usually thought-about to be an offended previous girl. She was often proven as haggard and clawed, with a serpent round her head, crossbones on her skirt, and different symbols of destruction throughout her.According to fantasy, Ix Chel’s grandfather killed her after discovering that she was residing with the Sun. She sprang again to life after a bunch of dragonflies flew round her grave and sang; then she returned to the Sun. But the Sun turned jealous and despatched her again to Earth when he thought she had develop into the lover of Venus, the morning star.Later, he begged her to return, however he quickly turned jealous once more. Ix Chel, uninterested in his jealous suits, left for good and to this present day wanders invisibly via the night time, serving to ladies as they offer beginning to kids.
Itzámna (yzAmAnA, zAmAnA, Lizard House)
Yucatán Maya sky god, maybe the most important god—god of heaven and the Sun. Some noticed him as lord of all of the gods. Itzámna was all over the place, and to accommodate his roles, he had many names. Among them had been Kin-ich-kak-mo (The Eye of the Day, or Lord of the Sun’s Face) when he was thought of the Sun and Kabil (He of the Lucky Hand) when he was prayed to to convey a treatment. He is taken into account the letter god D. The first priest, benevolent Itzámna introduced writing and data to the Maya, and since of his affiliation with the heavens, the opposite gods, and the clergymen, he was thought to have invented the calendar. Itzámna’s sky associations embrace the constellation Pleiades, the Sun, Moon, and wind. On Earth his associations had been with animals such because the caiman, mussels, and king vulture and crops such because the ceiba tree, cacao, and corn, which he taught the people how to develop. Itzámna was the god that clergymen typically paid particular consideration to in the beginning of the brand new year. The clergymen prayed to him for cover in years throughout which they'd predicted disasters and to forestall drought. Blood sacrifices had been typically made in his honor.According to completely different interpretations, Itzámna was thought to be the son of the primary god, Hunabku; married to Ix Chel, the Lady Rainbow of many points; and father of the Bacabs. Ah Kin might have been Itzámna’s youthful type. He was portrayed as a toothless, type previous man who had a big nostril (generally resembling a serpent) and hole cheeks. Although he was very talked-about earlier than the Conquest, worship of Itzámna steadily disappeared afterward. Some imagine he was aggravated by the Spanish and their Christian god and left. More possible his traits had been melded into Christianity.
Inti Raymi, The Sun Festival, celebrated at Cuzco on June 24, the winter solstice. Inti Raymi celebrates the start of the brand new photo voltaic year—a time when the Sun returns to present heat for all life. Traditionally, the Incan kings sacrificed llamas as choices to the Sun through the competition. Today, Inti Raymi attracts tens of 1000's from all around the world. Among South American celebrations, it's second solely to competition in Rio de Janeiro. One of the highlights is the portrayal of Inca the Aristocracy by 500 actors who're adorned in gold and silver, as befits their rank. The actor portraying the Sapa Inca blesses the day and offers a speech in Quechua (the language of the Inca) that honors the Sun and all that it offers.
Inca are people whose empire dominated the two,000-mile Andes area in South America for 100 years prior to Spanish Conquest. The Inca have been dominated by an emperor, Sapa Inca, who was thought to have descended from the Sun. The emperor appeared out for the welfare of the people to the extent that the federal government owned all the things and people had no want for cash; they obtained what they wanted as fee for work carried out. The Inca constructed terraces and used irrigation to efficiently farm the steep mountain slopes. They grew corn, potatoes, squash, quinoa, and peppers and raised llamas and guinea pigs for food. The Inca additionally used llamas as pack animals. They had no draft animals (animals that might pull masses), so they didn't use the wheel. They have been expert metalworkers who labored particularly with gold and silver. The Inca have been additionally expert engineers who constructed a community of roads that included tunnels, causeways, and bridges. The essential routes ran for 3,450 miles alongside the ridge of the Andes and a couple of,500 miles alongside the coast. Secondary roads linked the principle routes to each other.The Inca might have made some human and animal sacrifices in gratitude to the gods. Worship of the Sun was the nationwide faith. The principal gods included Viracocha, all highly effective and supreme however worshipped solely by the the Aristocracy; Inti, the Sun god; Mama Quilla, the Moon goddess; and Illapa, the god of rain, thunder, and lightning. The Inca appeared for indicators and omens to predict the long run, particularly earlier than taking any essential motion. The conversion to Christianity is believed by some students to have been straightforward as a result of the Inca had at all times been tolerant of, and had even assimilated, the religions of these they conquered.The heavens—stars, climate, planets, Moon, and, after all, the Sun—all have been religious beings. Many caves, mountains, springs, and boulders have been additionally believed to be crammed with the spirit of the creator god (see huaCa). The Inca made very correct astronomical observations. They saved data of sunrises and sunsets and matched them to the motion and phases of the Moon. They believed that the actions of the heavenly our bodies affected life on Earth. When the constellation Yacana (the llama) fell under the horizon at midnight, for instance, the Inca believed it was consuming water from the Earth. This helped forestall rivers and streams from flooding. The lives of the Inca descendants within the Andes at present are nonetheless formed by the heavens. Symbolic animals and birds within the sky (constellations) are held answerable for the well-being of these on Earth. Similarly, Andes dwellers imagine that the Vilcanota River is the earthly type of the Milky Way. As such, it makes a continuous move of water between Earth and sky.There are a number of tales that specify the origin of the Inca, however all of them mirror the idea that their rulers are direct descendents of the Sun. In one story, 4 brothers and sisters emerged from the center of three caves in a cliff and wandered the land in search of a spot to reside. They have been not like the opposite people within the land and have been thought-about superior. One brother, Ayar Cachi, was significantly robust and intelligent, in addition to conceited. He climbed the nice mountain Huanacauri and hurled boulders on the surrounding mountains. This so angered the others that they tricked him into going again to the cave. Once he was inside, they stuffed the doorway, trapping him there eternally. The others settled at Tambu Quiru. Later, the spirit of Ayar Cachi appeared and advised the brothers and sisters to construct Cuzco. The spirit once more climbed Huanacauri and was turned to stone. The brothers, led by Manco Capac, the son of the Sun god Inti, then went to Cuzco, discovered the land excellent for a metropolis, and settled there. Manco Capac and his sister/spouse Mama Occlo dominated town.