Pelican facts, information and pictures | The genus Pelecanus was formally described in 1758 by Linnaeus within the tenth version of his Systema Naturae. He described the peculiarities of the accounting single peak, the nostril, the correct face and bald fully dependent webbed ft. The first definition consists of frigates and pelicans, cormorants and sulids. The identify comes from the traditional Greek phrase pelican (πελεκάν), which comes from the phrase pelekys (πελεκυς) which means "ax". In historic instances, the phrase for each the pelican and woodpeckerPelicans Pelecaniformes give his identify to have been utilized, an order that has had a assorted taxonomic historical past. Molecular proof that the Hamerkop Shoebill and kind a sister group of pelicans, though there are doubts concerning the precise relationship between the three strains.
The supposed Miocene pelican Liptornis of Patagonia is a nomen dubium (of doubtful validity), and fragments of adequate proof to help a sound description relies. The eight survivors pelican species are divided into two teams, one with 4 nests of land with largely white grownup plumage (Australian American White Pelicans, Dalmatian, Great White, y) and grey or brown plumage 4 species divide, two favourite nesting timber (pink-backed pelicans, Spot-billed and brown), or on the ocean rocks (Peru Pelican).
So Leptopelicanus (if legitimate) can be among the many American white pelican. The Dalmatian pelican has been thought-about a subspecies of the Spot-billed, even whether it is totally different in each morphology and nesting habits, now accepted as a separate species. Pelicans very giant birds with lengthy curved payments with a hook on the finish of the jaw and attaching a big throat pouch on the backside. The males are bigger than females and normally have lengthy payments. The Australian pelican, the account could be up to 0.5 m (1.6 ft) lengthy, nice males, the longest of any hen.
Pelicans primarily vivid plumage, exceptions are brown pelicans and Peruvian. Calculations bag and pores and skin naked face of all varieties of gentle earlier than the breeding season begins. The pocket of the groove of the subspecies of California brown pelican is vivid pink, yellow and light after spawning, and the bag throat Peruvian Pelican is blue. The American White Pelican is a button on the primary flooring of his invoice, which is paid as soon as the females laid eggs. The immature plumage pelican is darker than adults.
Modern pelicans are discovered on all continents besides Antarctica. Living primarily in hotter areas, however the breeding vary in latitude 45 ° south (Australian pelicans Tasmania) and 60 ° North (American White Pelicans in Western Canada) lengthen. Birds of inland and coastal waters, are absent within the polar areas, the deep ocean, oceanic islands (aside from the Galapagos Islands), and the inside of South America and the east coast of South America mouth of the Amazon to the south.