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Plains zebra facts

TAXONOMY
Equus burchellii Gray, 1824, north Cape Province, South Africa.

OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Common zebra, Burchell’s zebra, painted quagga; French: Zebre de steppe; German: Steppenzebra.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Body size 98 in (250 cm); shoulder top 55 in (140 cm); weight 772 lb (350 kg). Is a medium-sized, long-legged, hoofed ungulate, with a brief coat that's striped black and white. The stripe patterns fluctuate with subspecies and geographic location. The mane is erect and striped.

DISTRIBUTION
Occurs in japanese sub-Saharan Africa from Sudan and Ethiopia to Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa. The largest populations happen in Kenya and Tanzania.

HABITAT
Live in mesic grasslands and are able to migrating lengthy distances. Their means to make the most of coarser vegetation of poorer high quality implies that they'll thrive and survive in a variety of habitats.

BEHAVIOR
Lives in secure household (harem) teams composed of a male and one to six females and their offspring. Both female and male offspring disperse from the natal group. Young males and deposed harem males stay in bachelor teams which are free aggregations. Family teams and bachelor teams will usually kind into bigger aggregations/herds.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feed totally on grasses. They are selective of their feeding, however can feed on higher-fiber grasses when there is no such thing as a selection. They should have entry to water.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY
Polygamous. Polyestrous, and most foals are born through the wet season. Age of puberty has been estimated at 15–22 months within the feminine. Males can attain puberty at 24 months, however hardly ever take over harems till they're older. Gestation is 12 months. Normally, lower than 50% of the females had foals in any year. Throughout the species vary, mortality price can fluctuate within the first year, from 19–47%. Adult mortality is decrease and varies from 3–17%.

CONSERVATION STATUS
Lower Risk/Least Concern; nonetheless, one subspecies, the quagga, is already extinct and three subspecies are Data Deficient. Threats to this species include lack of habitat and overhunting.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
In most components of their vary, they're used for meat and their hides are bought commercially. This utilization is probably sustainable, however wants to be studied and intently monitored. The plains zebra is a logo of the African savannahs and wildlife and is vital to photographic tourism. This medium-sized herbivore performs an vital position in grassland ecosystems.

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