TAXONOMY

Mazama americana (Erxleben, 1777), Cayenne, French Guiana.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Daguet rouge; German: Grossen Roten Spiesshirsch; Spanish: Corzuela roja.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Small. Shoulder peak: 14–30 in (35–75 cm); head and physique size: 28–53 in (72–135 cm); tail size 3–6 in (8–15 cm); weight: 44 lb (20 kg). The hair on muzzle radiates in all instructions from two whorls. Coat shade is monotonous, gentle to darkish brown; lighter in beneath elements and stomach, tail finish is white. The physique is stout, limbs are slender, and the again is arched. Antlers are easy, spiked.

DISTRIBUTION

Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay.

HABITAT

Live in forests from sea stage to altitudes of higher forest restrict.

BEHAVIOR

Live solitary, sedentary life; lively day and evening. Wary, cover when disturbed, typically stay unnoticed due to camouflage colours. Easy prey for predators.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Grasses, vines, and tender inexperienced shoots. Important a part of weight loss plan are fruits, cereals, and fungi.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygynous. Bucks and does collectively solely throughout rut, which is 12 months lengthy, although most of mating from July–September in fundamental wet season.Gestation interval is 225 days, calving happens in December–January, briefly wet interval; often one younger per delivery. Does take part in breeding from age one 12 months. Life expectancy in captivity to 14 years.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Experience extreme searching stress and pursuit from farmers defending bean fields and corn crops.

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