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Rock hyearax facts

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TAXONOMY

Procavia capensis (Pallas, 1766), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Four subspecies recognized.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Klipdassie; French: Daman les roches; German: Klippschliefer; Spanish: Damán de rocas.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and physique size 17–21 in (44–54 cm); weight 4–12 lb (1.8–5.Four kg). Males and females are roughly the identical measurement. Mean distance between anus and penis 1.Three in (3.5 cm). Coat is mild to darkish brown; the dorsal spot is mild creamy to yellow-colored in all species, except for the rock hyearax of southern Africa, the place it isn't conspicuous.

DISTRIBUTION

Southwest and northeast Africa, Sinai to Lebanon, and southeast Arabian Peninsula.

HABITAT

Dependent on the presence of appropriate refuges in mountain cliffs and rocky outcrops. Live in a variety of habitats, from arid deserts to forests, and from sea degree to the alpine zone of Mt. Kenya (10,500–13,800 ft [3,200–4,200 m]).

BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and gregarious, the social unit being a polygynous harem, with a territorial grownup male, a number of grownup females, and juveniles.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Herbivorous, consuming principally leaves, twigs, fruit, and bark. The animals have a excessive seasonal adaptability: through the wet season, they've a excessive desire for grasses, however within the dry season, they browse extensively.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Females change into receptive yearly, and a peak in births appears to coincide with rainfall. Polygynous. Gestation: 212–240 days; one to 4 younger per feminine. Weaning at one to 5 months, and each ####es attain ####ual maturity at about 16–17 months of age. Longevity: 9–12 years. Adult females dwell considerably longer than grownup males.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Certain African tribes hunt hyearaxes for food. Mentioned a number of occasions within the Bible as “conie.”

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