OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile; French: Crocodile marin; German: Leistenkrokodil; Spanish: Cocodrilo poroso Bahasa.
This is the world’s largest crocodilian, rising to over 20 ft (6.1 m) in size and weighing up to 2,200 lb (1 metric ton). Adult males common 13–16.5 ft (4–5 m) in size, and females 10–11.5 ft (3–3.5 m). The saltwater crocodile could also be black, darkish brown, or yellowish dorsally, with lighter flanks noticed with black. The underside is white or yellowish. Unlike all different crocodilians, the enlarged postoccipital scales are normally absent. Instead, the postoccipital area on the again of the neck is roofed with small beadlike scales. The hind toes are strongly webbed.
Scattered populations from the east coast of India to Australia. This is probably the most extensively distributed crocodilian on the earth.
Although most at house in brackish tidal mangrove waterways, saltwater crocodiles might be present in freshwater habitats tons of of miles (or kilometers) inland.
Large, grownup males are territorial and solitary. Females sometimes have small house ranges of some sq. miles (or kilometers) whereas grownup males have been identified to patrol territories of 100 mi2 (260 km2).
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Young saltwater crocodiles feed primarily on small crabs and fish. Adult saltwater crocodiles might lie in wait for giant mammals, each wild and home, at water holes. Humans are typically taken.
The breeding season happens from April to May in India, and January to February in Australia. The feminine lays 40–70 eggs in a mound of vegetation. A nesting feminine will sometimes make herself a wallow close to the nest from the place she's going to guard it for the 70–80 days incubation. She releases the hatchlings after which guards them, however predation on hatchlings remains to be excessive.
Although extensively distributed, saltwater crocodiles have been killed out of concern and for his or her beneficial skins all through their vary. Only in Australia and Papua New Guinea are there efficient administration applications in place, which permit sustainable use of saltwater crocodiles for pores and skin and meat. Other Asian international locations within the vary of the saltwater crocodile want to implement current protecting laws whereas educating people on how to stay with crocodiles. The saltwater crocodile is afforded safety on paper all through its vary. It is not listed on the IUCN Red List, however it seems on CITES Appendix I. Estimated wild inhabitants is 200,000–300,000.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Large saltwater crocodiles contemplate people and their livestock as prey objects. This has led to animosity towards this species; but the saltwater crocodile varieties the premise for a pores and skin trade for numerous indigenous people within the Asia/Pacific area.