There are few full written data documenting Slavic pagan beliefs. Research into the Slavic pre-Christian perception system is sophisticated, as a result of the Slavic the Aristocracy and peasantry worshipped separate deities. In addition, Christian beliefs ultimately have been built-in into the myths, which additional complicates the duty of figuring out the unique deities and their myths.
The names and attributes of a few of the main and minor deities are identified, nevertheless. They are offered right here to function springboards for additional analysis by storytellers and students.
Slavic Major Deities
Byelabog: the deity of sunshine, of all goodness and happiness. His title means “white god” and his prime adversary is Chernabog, the black god. Some students consider that slightly than representing the forces of excellent and evil, Byelabog might have been the deity of the nice and cozy and fertile months of the 12 months, whereas Chernabog was the ruler of the darkish months of winter. Their participation within the battle between mild and darkness nearly as good and evil could also be a later, Christianized idea.
Dazhdebog: god of items or blessings.
Khors: a seemingly contradictory character described because the god of the Sun, chaos, and darkness.
Kupalo: a god of vegetation and the middle of the celebration known as Kupala. The competition was timed to midsummer evening, which marked the summer season solstice and the peak of the rising season. Loosely translated, the phrase kupala means bathed, and ritual bathing was a part of the celebration. The coming of Christianity didn't utterly erase the worship of Kupalo, as he turned Ivan Kupalo, or John the Bather, higher generally known as John the Baptist. Kupala remains to be celebrated as “the merriest, ####iest night.”
Mokosh: the mom goddess and, in some traditions, the spouse of Perun. In pagan Russia, oaths sworn in her title have been stated to be unbreakable.
Perun: god of thunder and lightning, generally portrayed because the chief of the Slavic gods. Generally pictured as a person with silver hair and a golden mustache, Perun ﬁghts in opposition to demonic forces with bolts of lightning which might be stated to grow to be stones (or Neolithic stone instruments) on Earth.
Rod: presumably probably the most historic of the Slavic deities and in all probability a peasant’s deity. His title means “kin,” and he's not often talked about besides within the earliest hymns. He is credited with the creation of the universe and founding divine regulation, which known as pravda, or fact.
Rozhenitsa: the birth-giver, goddess of fertility or childbirth.
Stribog: god of the wind, chilly, and conﬂicts.
Svantavit: god of struggle, described as a protecting warrior. He was portrayed as a four-headed man, in a position to face the 4 instructions concurrently in order that no enemy may steal up on him. He carried a sword and spear, and his sacred chicken was the eagle.
Svarog: god of ﬁre and patron of smiths. He additionally might have been a patron of artists and craftsmen. Svarog is the daddy of Dazhdebog.
Veles (additionally Volos): deity of cattle and commerce. He might have been a trickster ﬁgure just like the Greek god Hermes.
Yarilo (additionally Jarilo or Yaro): god of the springtime and spring fertility. He is portrayed as a younger man in white, with a wheat wreath on his head, a wheat sheaf in his proper hand, and a human head in his left.
Slavic Minor Deities and Supernatural Beings
Baba Yaya: a magical hag in Russian folklore. She was stated to reside in a hut that stood on big hen legs and to journey in a mortar and pestle propelled by a brush. Her hut was surrounded by stakes topped with human skulls.
Bannik: the spirit of the bathhouse in Russian and Ukrainian folklore.
Domovoi: the spirit of the family in Russian and Ukrainian folklore.
Leshy: shape-shifting spirit and trickster of the forest.
Rusalka: a water spirit; typically thought to be the ghost of a murdered or betrayed lady.
Simargl: a winged canine who protected seed and new crops. His title is Persian with a Slavic ending, and heis in all probability not a local mythic beingbut a type of the Persian dogheaded, winged creature known as Simurgh.