TAXONOMY

Pudu pudu (Molina, 1782), Chile.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Chilean pudu; French: Pudou du sud; German: Pudu; Spanish: Ciervo enano, venadito chileno.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Smallest amongst Cervidae, with quick legs and rounded physique. Shoulder top: 14–18 in (35–45 cm); physique size: 2.Eight ft (85 cm); tail size: three in (Eight cm); weight: 20–33 lb (9–15 kg). Thick brilliant coat is reddish brown, whereas lips and insides of ears are orangey. Fawns develop white spots. Males put on quick spiked antlers, 2.8–four in (7–10 cm) lengthy.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern Chile.

HABITAT

Rainforests, bamboo groves, in mountains to the snow restrict. Choose thickets to defend in opposition to human pursuit, although additionally prey of untamed cats and foxes.

BEHAVIOR

Live solitarily or in pairs, hardly ever in small teams (to three). Home grounds to 40–65 ac (16–26 ha) are effectively organized with trails connecting feeding grounds and resting factors. Dung piles typically mark trails. Scent marks made by secretion of preorbital and frontal glands in addition to urine spots on trails and tree branches play essential function in pudu communications. Crepuscular and nocturnal, they're very cautious, commonly cease feeding to pay attention and sniff round. When at risk, they bark and flee in zigzag sample by inaccessible thickets and steep rocks.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feed on leaves, twigs, bark, buds, fruits, seeds, and infrequently on herbs, To attain food, can stand on hind legs or scramble alongside fallen tree trunks.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygynous. Rut begins in autumn; fawning takes place the following spring (or in November–January in Southern Hemisphere). Gestation interval is 210 days, often it's one younger every start. Weaning happens after two months. Females are ####ually matured and might take part in replica throughout first year, males on their second autumn. Life expectancy is 8–10 years, to 15 years in zoos.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Game species.


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