PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

A small (most carapace size to 5 in [12.5 cm]) turtle with a easy, darkish carapace that's punctuated with yellow or orange spots. The higher surfaces of the pores and skin are equally darkish and noticed. The digits are weakly webbed.

DISTRIBUTION

Great Lakes area from northern Illinois to southern Ontario, and the jap United States from Maine to central Florida.

HABITAT

Bogs, moist meadows, and woodland streams.

BEHAVIOR

Equally at residence on the land or within the water, the noticed turtle migrates between habitat varieties all year long. It basks on mats of vegetation floating on the floor of the water or on tussocks of marsh grass. This species has one of many shortest exercise seasons of any temperate species. Although it's lively at low temperatures in early spring, by midto late June the noticed turtle seeks out muskrat burrows or buries itself beneath the bottom to estivate till the summer time warmth has subsided. It is briefly lively throughout the autumn earlier than hibernation.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The noticed turtle is omnivorous, consuming a wide range of animal matter (aquatic and terrestrial bugs, worms, slugs, crustaceans, and tadpoles) in addition to aquatic grasses and filamentous algae.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Courtship conduct has been noticed at low temperatures throughout March and April and continues by way of June. Several males might aggressively pursue a single feminine across terrestrial and aquatic parts of the habitat. After the male bites the feminine repeatedly on the hind limbs and tail, copulation proceeds both on land or water. Nesting typically happens within the early morning or late night from May to July. The measurement of the elongate, versatile eggs (1.0–1.three in [25–34 mm] lengthy and 0.6–0.7 in [16–18.5 mm] extensive) is expounded to the carapace size of the feminine. Up to two clutches of 1 to eight eggs are deposited yearly within the grass tussocks, hummocks, and sphagnum moss of the wetland or in upland nests constructed in loamy soil. The eggs hatch after 70 to 83 days of incubation. S*x relies upon the incubation temperature; principally males are produced from 72.5 to 80.6°F (22.5 to 27.0°C), nonetheless at 86°F (30°C) the hatchlings are all feminine. Hatchlings typically emerge from the nest within the autumn, however might often overwinter within the nest.

CONSERVATION STATUS

This species is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. It is protected by state and native legal guidelines all through its vary, however the rules will not be rigorously enforced and full populations are sometimes collected for the pet commerce.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

This species is in style within the worldwide pet commerce due to its small measurement, engaging sample, and docile nature.


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