The Episcopal Church, previously (earlier than 1967) known as the Protestant Episcopal Church, is the expression of Anglicanism, the type of Christianity of the Church of England, within the United States of America. The phrases Episcopal and Episcopalianism imply “having bishops” and refer to the best way church governance is centered on the function of bishops as leaders of dioceses, which include all church buildings in a geographical space. Bishops alone can ordain PRIESTS and different ministers. In this and different methods, this church follows conventional Catholic patterns of group and worship, although it additionally has a Protestant aspect emphasizing the Bible, preaching, and freedom of particular person interpretation.
The Anglican custom that was to change into the Episcopal church ﬁ rst got here to America in 1607, with the institution of an English colony and church at Jamestown, Virginia. By the time of the Revolutionary War, Anglican church buildings have been discovered all through the Thirteen Colonies. After the warfare they separated from the Church of England, forming the Episcopal Church. They have been led by bishops consecrated to that ofﬁ ce by bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, the minority Anglican church there, since relations with the Church of England have been nonetheless difﬁ cult. The Episcopal Church unfold west with the brand new nation, though its best numbers have remained on the japanese seaboard. In 2004 it had almost two and a half million members in some 7,400 church buildings.
In the late 20th and early 21st centuries the Episcopal Church was convulsed by divisive points. One was whether or not girls must be ordained to the priesthood. Another centered on a brand new, significantly modified version of the Book of Common Prayer. Commonly known as the Prayer Book, this ebook incorporates the types of worship utilized in church. (Episcopal church buildings are supposed to observe a set LITURGY and RITUAL.) Both the ordination of girls and the brand new Prayer Book have been approved by the church’s General Convention in 1976. Then controversy arose over the ordination of homo####uals. Some dissenters left the Episcopal Church due to these points, however the majority have tailored to change.