Cosmogony is a narrative of how the world got here to be. Not all religions speak concerning the origin of the world and of human life. For instance, the BUDDHA adamantly refused to tackle questions on origins. He stated these questions have been unimportant. Instead, one ought to analyze the world because it stands and search to achieve release from SAMSARA, or rebirth.
Few religions, nonetheless, have been in a position to take such an agnostic angle. When they speak concerning the origin of the world and human life, they often inform tales or myths. These myths are often known as cosmogonies. The American scholar, Charles H. Long, has identiﬁ ed ﬁve completely different sorts of cosmogony. For learners his classiﬁ cation is superb.
One type of cosmogony, or story, attributes the origins of the world to the ####ual exercise of two dad and mom. These dad and mom stands out as the earth and the sky, as within the mythology of Rangi and Papa in sure Paciﬁ c Ocean societies. The Enuma Elish, a Mesopotamian fable, calls the ﬁ rst dad and mom Tiamat and Apsu. They are the recent and salt waters whose mixing produces silt. (Think of a river delta.) One Egyptian cosmogony says that the creator ﬁ rst produced the pair Air and Moisture.
Another type of cosmogony begins with a cosmic egg. One of the UPANISHADS in India describes the creation of the world from a primal egg. As the egg splits, the underside a part of the shell turns into the earth, the highest half turns into the sky. The contents of the egg divide to turn out to be the varied options of the universe.
A 3rd type of cosmogony is “creation from nothing.” Religions that worship a excessive god or a single god favor this sort of cosmogony. The greatest recognized examples are JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, and ISLAM. Genesis 1 provides a “soft” model of creation from nothing. God doesn’t truly create from nothing. He provides order to “the waters.” A wellknown Hindu hymn assumes creation from nothing, but it surely asks who can know the way creation happened. “The one who looks down from the highest heaven, that one knows—or perhaps even he does not know” (Rig-veda 10.129).
Other religions say that the world as we all know it emerged from the bowels of the earth. Indigenous Americans of the southwest usually inform of the emergence of the ancestors from throughout the earth and their transformation into people. Yet one other type of cosmogony is the “earth-diver myth.” The earth comes into existence when primal beings get well uncooked materials from beneath the waters. The Yokuts, an Indian people in California, informed how the primal animals despatched a duck down to deliver up earth from the underside of the ocean.
Sometimes these varieties mix. For instance, an Egyptian cosmogony begins with creation from nothing, however the ﬁ rst merchandise created is the world-parent pair. There can also be different varieties of cosmogony. For instance, a well-known hymn within the sacred Hindu books often known as the VEDA attributes the world as we all know it to the sacriﬁ ce of the primal particular person (Rig-veda 10.90).
The rise of scientiﬁ c theories of the origin of the universe and of life has raised Challenges for conventional non secular cosmogonies. Some have responded by rejecting science. For instance, some Christian fundamentalists advocate what they name “creation science”. Others have rejected non secular cosmogonies out of hand. Still others have taken a path within the center. They settle for the scientiﬁ c accounts as far as they go, however they declare to see within the non secular accounts deeper meanings that science lacks.