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What is Ecumenical Movement?

Ecumenical motion was a motion amongst Christian church buildings that seeks to reunite them. Throughout its historical past, CHRISTIANITY has skilled divisions.

The most vital divisions occurred within the fourth and fi fth centuries C.E., when Christians akin to Arians and Nestorians have been expelled as heretics; in 1054, when the Orthodox church buildings and the Roman Catholic Church cut up; and within the 16th century and later, in the course of the Protestant REFORMATION. The ecumenical motion has tried to overcome these divisions. It started within the early 20th century and continues at the moment.

The impetus for the ecumenical motion developed within the 19th century. At that point, missionaries from Europe and North America have been taking the message of Christianity to different components of the world. They found that divisions at residence weren't so vital abroad. In truth, they discovered that these divisions confused people and made mission work extra diffi cult. In response, they began to search for methods to get rid of the divisions.

In 1910 a number of missionary societies held a convention in Edinburgh, Scotland. Their aim was to formulate a standard plan of motion. Eventually these societies organized three teams to work on three units of points. One group was the International Missionary Society, liable for coordinating actions in order that missionaries didn't compete to convert the identical people. A second was the Commission on Life and Work; it handled cooperation in serving different people. The third was the Commission on Faith and Order; it explored whether or not it was attainable for church buildings to come collectively on teachings about which they'd disagreed. In 1948 the 2 commissions mixed to kind the World Council of Churches (WCC). In 1961 the International Missionary Council joined them.

In the early years of the ecumenical motion, Protestants took the lead. By the time the WCC was based, Orthodox church buildings have been additionally actively concerned. The Roman Catholic Church has by no means joined, partly as a result of some within the church suppose that the one method for Christians to reunite is for all those that left the Catholic Church to rejoin it. Nevertheless, the Second VATICAN COUNCIL (1961–65) opened the Catholic Church up to the ecumenical motion. Since then it has cooperated with the WCC. At the start of 2005 the WCC had 347 member church buildings in additional than 120 international locations. It offi cially defi ned itself as “a fellowship of churches which confess the Lord Jesus Christ as God and Savior according to the scriptures, and therefore seek to fulfi ll together their common calling to the glory of the one God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit.”

The World Council of Churches was not the one group to develop out of the ecumenical motion. Churches all over the world that shared the identical heritage additionally shaped international organizations. Two examples are the Lutheran World Federation and the World Alliance of Reformed Churches. In addition, church buildings in particular person international locations got here collectively to kind associations, such because the National Council of Churches within the United States. In some locations church buildings with various heritages merged. One such merger produced the Church of South India. Some church buildings, too, opened up offi cial dialogues with different church buildings. One outcome was that some church buildings entered into full fellowship with each other, agreeing, for instance, to settle for every others’ ministers.

The ecumenical motion was half of a bigger pattern within the 20th century. For instance, Buddhists shaped a World Buddhist Council and a World Buddhist Sangha Council. Even extra encompassing is the Council for a Parliament of the World’s Religions, organized within the 1990s. It brings representatives of all religions collectively, because it did, for instance, in the summertime of 2004 with its parliament “Pathways to Peace” in Barcelona, Spain.

Not all church buildings, nonetheless, have participated within the ecumenical motion. Many conservatives want to emphasize their particularity and look at the ecumenical motion with suspicion. Some distinguished church buildings within the United States don't take part in both the World or National Council of Churches. They embrace the Southern Baptist Convention, the Assemblies of God, and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. In addition, initially of the 21st century church buildings that did belong to these Councils have been grappling with points that threatened to divide them as soon as once more. The most controversial situation was whether or not church buildings ought to ordain ####ually lively homo####uals and carry out marriage ceremonies for homo####ual and lesbian {couples}.