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White-lipped deer facts

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TAXONOMY

Cervus albirostris Przewalski, 1883, Kansu, China.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Thorold’s deer; French: Cerf de Thorold; German: Weisslippenhirsch.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Large: shoulder top: 4–4.Three ft (120–130 cm); physique size: 6.3–6.6 ft (190–200 cm); tail size: 4–5 in (10–12 cm); weight: 500 lb (230 kg). The deer muzzle, as effectively higher and decrease lips, gorge, and orbit environment are pure white. General brown colour of coat is ornate in summer time with whitish spots, which practically disappear in autumn and alter to grayish brown with creamy below components. Hairs on the rear again develop ahead, giving an look of a saddle. Hooves are broad, tall, onerous, tailored to mobility. Antlers span is to 4.2 ft (1.Three m), and carry 5 to six flattened tines, every antler reaching a weight to 15 lb (7 kg).

DISTRIBUTION

Tibetan Plateau in China.

HABITAT

Inhabits forests interchanged with clearings, shrub lands, retains to alpine meadows at altitudes greater than 11,500 ft (3,500 m), and to the border of vegetation that, in Tibet, is at 16,400 ft (5,000 m).

BEHAVIOR

Sedentary, undertake small vertical migrations. Does and yearlings reside in teams to 40 people, whereas stags preserve solitary or in small group (to eight animals). Social bonds inside teams are robust. At rut, combined herds unite stags, does, and calves in congregations to 200–300 deer (common quantity 50). Each combined herd contains one to eight stags, very aggressive in direction of one another. Deer simply climb and run across steep mountain slopes due to particular options of their hooves. Often prey of searching, they're very cautious and can't be simply noticed within the wild.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Mainly on grasses.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygynous. Rut happens in September–November, gestation interval is 7.5–8.Three months (in accordance to different knowledge, 270 days), calving takes place from the tip of May to starting of July, not often to August. Usually it's one younger per start. Does begin copy at age three years, stags first mate at 5 years of age. Life expectancy is to 19 years (in captivity).

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable. Previously distributed over jap Tibet, however at present it happens from the neighborhood of Lhasa eastward into western Sichuan and within the jap two-thirds of Qinghai and into Gansu, the place complete numbers are estimated at 50,000–100,000. Low density and powerful fragmentation of the inhabitants replicate each rugged mountains and human affect reminiscent of poaching and competitors with livestock for pastures.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Hunting for venison, in addition to a rising demand for antlers and different components of physique in Asian medication.

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