Frequently requested questions on GOD, like Who is God? and so forth answered right here. God is the supreme object of worship. Out of respect, some Jews write “G-d” as a substitute of “God.” They see this spelling as a approach to keep away from utilizing God’s identify.
Monotheists imagine that there’s solely a single God. Polytheists worship many gods. But many polytheists additionally converse of God. They might consider God as the very best god, or they might see all specific gods as manifestations of the supreme God.
What Does “GOD” Mean?
Probably no deﬁnition of the phrase “God” is totally passable. Some people characterize God as supernatural. But others, resembling Baruch Spinoza, have identiﬁ ed God with nature. Some people characterize God as superhuman. But others see a human being as God; for instance, some Christians see Jesus as the one God. The medieval thinker Anselm deﬁ ned God as “that than which nothing greater can be conceived.” But if one is analyzing a wide range of beliefs in God, as we’re right here, Anselm’s deﬁ nition is not going to work. The deﬁ nition given above—God is the supreme object of worship—has its limitations, too. Some people, resembling the traditional Epicureans, have believed in a supreme God however have thought of that God too distant to be involved about human beings or occupied with their worship.
How To See God?
Obviously we can’t see God however in some methods He may be speak to. Religious people discuss God in a number of methods. Most people discuss God mythologically. That is, they inform tales that deal with God as a human-like being. Hindus have many tales about God within the types of Siva, Vishnu, Krishna, Rama, and the Goddess. Jews, Christians, and Muslims share tales about how God created the world, virtually destroyed it with a common flood, and redeemed the people
of Israel from slavery in Egypt. Many people envision God in addition to discuss God. They worship God within the type of sacred photos. For instance, Hindus have many elaborate photos via which they strategy God.
Some people discuss God philosophically. Among different subjects, they fight to decide simply what may be mentioned about God. Some insist that one can discuss God solely utilizing destructive phrases. For instance, the assertion “God is inﬁ nite” says that God isn’t topic to abnormal limitations. Others converse of God positively, for instance, “God is love.” Most qualify that assertion: God’s love could be very way more profound than human love. In the 20th century, some philosophers and theologians had been occupied with symbols as methods of speaking about God.
Yet one other group of spiritual people insist that it isn’t potential to discuss God in any respect. These are mystics. Some mystics declare that God is so not like something in abnormal existence that God is past all speech and thought. All human beings can do is expertise God in silence.
What Is God Like?
Just as many spiritual people ﬁ nd that means in tales about God, so many spiritual people have a tendency to consider God in private phrases. Indeed, some insist that people can worship solely a private God. During the 20th century, many North Americans questioned the standard Jewish and Christian photos of a private God. In their eyes, these concepts had been too European and too male to be enticing to all human beings.
Philosophers and theologians have tended to describe God by way of extra summary “attributes” or traits. Many Jews, Christians, and Muslims have mentioned that God is one, everlasting, unchanging, omnipotent, all-knowing, current all through the universe, and beneﬁ cent. During the 20th century philosophers and theologians questioned a lot of these attributes: “Process theologians” steered that God was all the time altering and creating. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a Christian sufferer of the Holocaust, taught that God suffers, too.
In addition to figuring out the attributes of God, philosophers and theologians have tried to determine how God relates to the universe. On one excessive is God’s transcendence: God is completely different. On the opposite is God’s immanence: God is on the earth (panentheism) or an identical with it (pantheism).
Finally, some religions have adopted speciﬁ c doctrines about God. Examples include the Christian concepts of the trinity and incarnation.
God Does What?
Some Hindus say that God creates the world, preserves it, and destroys it. God does these issues within the type of three gods: Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva. Traditional Christians say that God each creates the universe and redeems fallen humanity. Gnostics deny that God created the world. For them, God merely redeems the particles of sunshine that creation dispersed amongst particles of darkness. In the 20th century, some philosophers and theologians steered that God was not energetic originally however can be on the finish of the world. That is, God is the supreme good to which all of the universe is tending.
FAQ about God
Jews, Christians, and Muslims have puzzled over two questions on God for hundreds of years. The ﬁ rst query units God’s omniscience—his information of the whole lot—in opposition to the power of human beings to act freely. The query runs: If God is aware of the whole lot, then God is aware of what I’m going to do sooner or later; in that case, how can I act of my very own free will? Many thinkers have proposed delicate solutions to this query. Others merely assert that God is aware of the whole lot, and that human beings act freely. They don’t attempt to resolve the paradox.
A second query units God’s omnipotence— his skill to do the whole lot—in opposition to God’s goodness. If God is each all-powerful and good, why do evil and unhealthy issues occur, particularly to the great? Why does God permit some infants to be born with out brains? Why does God permit people to torture and execute one another by the hundreds of thousands? To reply the second query, some attraction to “free will.” In order for human beings to be totally human, God had to create people who might freely select each good and evil. Others merely admit that there isn’t a good reply to these questions.
Does God Exist?
In historic Greece the thinker Xenophanes famous that people made the gods in their very own picture. He famous: “if oxen and horses . . . had hands, . . . horses would paint the forms of the gods like horses, and oxen like oxen” (fragment 15). In the time since Xenophanes, many philosophers and theologians have tried to show that God exists.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, some distinguished thinkers disagreed. The thinker Ludwig Feuerbach mentioned that God was merely a projection of what people valued most. Karl M ARX, Émile Durkheim, and Sigmund Freud expressed related concepts. Charles Darwin’s principle of evolution brought on many to doubt God’s inventive exercise. The thinker Friedrich Nietzsche celebrated “the death of God.”
Nevertheless, on the finish of the 20th century an amazing majority of North Americans nonetheless believed in God.