The Yoruba people of Nigeria and neighboring Benin in West Africa are primarily farmers who even have a ﬁne custom of woodcraft and metalworking.
Yorubas' tales and histories are primarily handed down orally from era to era. Storytelling remains to be a favourite exercise among the many Yoruba people, however in the twentyﬁrst century it competes with tv and written works, together with works by Yoruba authors.
Storytelling in the Yorubas' type is a really lively artwork. It includes taking up the voices and personas of the varied characters, in addition to performing music and dancing. The viewers additionally takes an lively position in the story. Listeners are anticipated to get entangled by beating drums or singing alongside.
Storytelling periods typically happen after the night meal. Yorubas folktales all the time start with a call-and-response refrain referred to as the alo refrain (alo means riddle). One of the younger males will start by asking the opposite younger males two or three riddles to decide whether or not everybody in the group is awake and alert. Then, the story begins.
The forms of tales are related to these discovered in different cultures, similar to myths, legends, fables, poetry, household or society histories, and folktales. Hero tales, how-and-why tales (often known as pourquoi tales), and trickster tales are additionally well-liked. Tortoise and Ananse the Spider are the most important trickster ﬁgures in West African folktales.
Yoruban tales usually middle on the theme of fertility to a higher diploma than is normally discovered in world folktales. This is due, in half, to a excessive toddler mortality fee in the area.